Given that four months have passed since Google and Samsung ushered in the Gingerbread era with the release of the Samsung Nexus S, I thought this would be a good time for an update on when version 2.3 might land on your phone.
Of all the manufacturers building Android handsets, HTC is arguably the most vocal in its plans. Take for instance the , , and , which HTC released in various iterations over the course of 2010. HTC has confirmed that these devices, and the more recent , would see Gingerbread in the second quarter of the year. And with the second quarter now officially under way, we hope to hear more about when these phones will pick up Android 2.3.
I'd also look for something official out of T-Mobile's camp over the next few weeks in regard to the . As for the stock Android experience with the , we have confirmation that T-Mobile and HTC plan to offer Android 2.3 in the second quarter.
Recently, HTC indicated that both Sprint's and Verizon's would have Gingerbread updates by the end of June. According to an e-mail sent to an Android user, the update will come provided "there are no major setbacks". Seeing as the also has been given the green light for Gingerbread, I'd anticipate Verizon making an announcement over the coming weeks.
At one time Motorola was rather transparent with its Android update schedule, but recently it has shied from being so public. The company has practically abandoned the software upgrade page of its forums, so getting anything official will be tough. And considering Moto's track record for leaving phones behind with older versions of Android, I don't have much hope for its 2010 devices without a Droid moniker.
Motorola has a spotty history with Motoblur phones, so it's difficult to forecast whether the Bravo, Citrus, or Flipside will move beyond version 2.1. Newer devices such as the Atrix 4G and Cliq 2 should see Gingerbread, but Moto hasn't given any indications as to when.
The Droid 2 and Droid X have seen their share of leaked Android 2.3 updates over the last few weeks. Perhaps the rumors are a signal that official announcements from Verizon are coming in short order. As for the original Droid, however, the situation is a little muddier. While the handset is more than capable of running Gingerbread, it might be time for Motorola and Verizon to focus their efforts on the rumored Droid 3.
Aside from the , the only other Samsung phone to see Gingerbread so far has been the European variant of the Galaxy S. Yet that particular update, which just started rolling out last weekend, was halted by Google. Hopefully, Samsung will iron out the kinks and get things back on track quickly.
A recent document discussed on Android Central reportedly said that a test build of Gingerbread is being prepped for the Epic 4G. An actual release date hasn't been disclosed. So far, that's the only indication that U.S. versions of the Galaxy S phones are getting Gingerbread.
Other handsets such as the , , and Continuum could potentially see a skip from Android 2.1 to 2.3, but that will depend on a variety of factors. Sales figures, upcoming devices, and consumer interest will likely determine what happens here.
Within days of the Android 2.3 announcement, LG made it known that its budget-friendly One line would get an update. More than four months have now passed since the pledge of Gingerbread support, so it's time that the company updated its schedule or clarified expectations. Even though it's fully capable of supporting Gingerbread, I wouldn't bet on the LG Ally seeing an update. It just feels like one of those fringe handsets that get quietly left behind. The same could be probably said for U.S. Cellular's version of this phone, the Apex.
Sony Ericsson recently announced that it would offer Android 2.3 on its Xperia X10. This comes as welcome news to folks who bought one of the first "super phones" only to find it hampered by inadequate software. While the hardware is not on the same level as the new Xperia line, at least users will be able to download and run most apps.
As we learned back in December, devices capable of running Froyo should be able to handle Gingerbread. But this doesn't mean that your carrier or handset maker wants to put in the time and energy required for an update. With smartphone competition getting fierce and the ongoing battle for top devices, providers sometimes end up scrapping plans for software updates. One consolation this time around is that the differences between Android 2.2 and 2.3 are not as dramatic. Should you get left with Froyo, things may not be as bad you think.
Your ancient Android Gingerbread phone is about to become even more useless
By Will Sattelberg
Google account sign-ins will be blocked in September
When was the last time you thought about your old Gingerbread phone? Google launched Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich to the public nearly ten years ago, ushering in the days of its Tron-inspired Holo UI, but some legendary Android devices — including the Moto Droid X, HTC Evo 4G, and Samsung's original Galaxy S — never made the jump. If you're still holding onto a phone running Gingerbread, it's about to get a whole lot harder to use with Google services.
Starting September 27, any device running Android 2.3.7 Gingerbread or earlier will no longer be able to sign into a Google account (via 9to5Google). The company specifically highlights Gmail, YouTube, and Maps as apps destined to produce username and password errors following this date. In an email sent to affected users, Google suggests updating your device to Android 3.0 or higher if possible (a strange request, considering Honeycomb was a tablet-exclusive release), but realistically, the writing is on the wall. If you're still using a Gingerbread phone as your daily driver — or even as a secondary device — it might be time to give up the ghost.
As with most of Google's OS restrictions, this is driven primarily by safety and security. While Android phones have gained plenty of new features since 2011, they're also far, far more secure. Monthly security patches have become the norm for a reason, after all. These apps are also far from the first to be disabled on Gingerbread phones. WhatsApp stopped supporting the platform in January of 2020, and it was dropped from Google Play Services entirely way back in 2017.
If, for whatever reason, you need to keep accessing Gmail or YouTube on an affected device, you aren't entirely out of luck. You can try logging into your account using your phone's browser. Some web apps will still work with this method, though Google didn't highlight what will and won't be supported in its support forums.
Although distribution numbers for Android ceased being shared a couple of years ago, Gingerbread had fallen to 0.3% market share by May of 2019. It's safe to say that number has since dropped even further, limiting the number of users this affects to a small group of collectors at best. If you know of anyone still watching YouTube videos on a Nexus One, make sure they know it's finally time to pull the trigger on that upgrade.
...if you can accept the middling battery life
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Will has been an Android enthusiast since he got his first smartphone in 2011. He loves watching movies, has a never-ending backlog of video games, and produces a comedy podcast in his spare time. He lives in Buffalo, NY and is willing to give you chicken wing recommendations at any time. Just ask.
- Brutally pronunciation
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How to Update Your Galaxy Note to Android 2.3.6 Gingerbread DDKL1 OTA Firmware
Samsung’s iconic Galaxy Note was highly praised for delivering the S-Pen technology. No matter how you look at it, users would always find it hard to decipher what the Galaxy Note’s true intention is–a phone or a tablet? Featuring a massive 5.3-inch Super AMOLED display, the Galaxy Note is a monstrous device capable of delivering true-to-life entertainment with gorgeous graphics.
Under the hood of the Galaxy Note, you’ll find a dual-core 1.4 GHz ARM Cortex A9 processor that is responsible for smooth application processing. Yet, even such a mammoth-powered device has some minor flaws, and that is why the Galaxy Note is constantly updated by Samsung for some serious tweaks in order to enhance its performance for everyday use.
Every once in a while, manufacturers show support for their devices by rolling out updates to fix minor issues when it comes to performance. The Galaxy Note is no such exception, and Samsung has already rolled out an over-the-air update to Android 2.3.6 Gingerbread DDKL1 for the device. The update can be obtained either through Samsung Kies or the software update section found on the device.
Whenever a new software update is made available for the Galaxy Note, the device automatically pops out a notification alert telling you that it is ready for download. You can manually check for and download the update. This guide will teach you how to update your Galaxy Note to Android 2.3.6 Gingerbread build DDKL1 without connecting your device to your PC or using Samsung Kies.
- Navigate to “Settings > About Phone”.
- In the “About Phone” screen, select Software Update. A new screen will show you various options, including one for checking new software updates for your device.
- In here you can check whether there is new software available for the Galaxy Note. Select the latest software and hit the “Confirm” button to begin updating your Galaxy Note. In order to proceed with downloading the update for your device, you need to be connected to high-speed Internet, as most updates are quite large. We advise that you connect via Wi-Fi or 3G, because slower Internet speeds would take a lot of time in downloading the update.
- Once the update files have been downloaded, the installation process will automatically start. The update may take from 5 to 30 minutes, depending on the size of the update.
- After the installation of the firmware, the Galaxy Note will reboot itself. If the installation iss successful, you will receive an alert box confirming that your Galaxy Note has been updated to the latest firmware. In case of a failed installation, you’ll be prompted with a message stating that your Galaxy Note was not successfully updated.
Congratulations! You have successfully updated your Galaxy Note to the official Android 2.3.6 Gingerbread build DDKL1.
AppsHow ToPhones, Samsung Galaxy Note, Tablets
[Download] Official Gingerbread Update For Original Galaxy Tab (P1000)
By Cameron Summerson
The official OTA for the GSM version of the original Galaxy Tab just started rolling out, and Chainfireover at the XDA forums has already pulled the update, rooted it, and made it available for your downloading pleasure. There are two different versions of the download - one with a new bootloader and one without. While I didn't read the entire thread, it appears that most users had better luck with the version that includes the bootloader.
If you're concerned about flashing a ROM that includes a new bootloader, fret not - it's signed, but not secured. That means you'll still be able to flash custom kernels, ROMs, etc.
For the full skinny, including download links and installation instructions, head over to the source thread on XDA.
[XDA via Phandroid]
Some floral arrangements for your next smartphone
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Cameron is a self-made geek, Android enthusiast, horror movie fanatic, musician, and cyclist. When he's not pounding keys here at AP, you can find him spending time with his wife and kids, plucking away on the 6-string, spinning on the streets, or watching The Texas Chainsaw Massacre on repeat.
In brief: Google has announced that it will no longer allow sign-ins on devices running Android 2.3.7 or lower starting September 27, 2021. The company dropped Play services support for such devices a couple of years ago, and is now doubling down on its effort to keep users safe online by further restricting functionality of nearly decade-old Android hardware.
They've probably become paperweights or long-shelved and forgotten about in a drawer for many users, but those still holding onto their Android Gingerbread phones and tablets need to know that Google won't let them sign-in to its apps and services from next month.
In a support document (via Bleeping Computer), Android's Community Manager, Zak Pollack, notes that users logging into apps like YouTube, Gmail and Maps will start receiving username or password errors on devices running Android 2.3.7 (Gingerbread's last release) or lower versions next month.
HTC was a major player in 2011, with the highest number (13) of up-to-date phones on Gingerbread 2.3
It appears that accounts already logged in won't be affected. However, performing actions like a factory reset, changing account password, logging out and signing in or creating a new account on these older devices will block them from accessing Google's apps and services.
Secondly, users unable to upgrade their Gingerbread devices to Android 3.0 (tablet-exclusive Honeycomb version) or later in order to avoid this limitation would still have access to some Google services via their device's web browser.
Veteran Android fans also know of a third option to keep their old devices usable after Google's deadline, and that's by way of installing customized ROMs. The practice might not be as mainstream for more recent devices but remains a solid alternative for keeping decade-old Android phones and tablets in working condition.
VIDEO: Xerox PARC: the minds behind the GUI, ethernet, laser printing & more
Now Read This…Sours: https://www.techspot.com/news/90626-google-ending-sign-support-android-gingerbread-older-devices.html
Android version history
History of the mobile operating system Android by Google
The version history of the Androidmobile operating system began with the public release of the Android beta on November 5, 2007. The first commercial version, Android 1.0, was released on September 23, 2008. Android is continually developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance (OHA), and it has seen several updates to its base operating system since the initial release.
See also: Android software development
The development of Android started in 2003 by Android, Inc., which was purchased by Google in 2005. There were at least two internal releases of the software inside Google and the OHA before the beta version was released. The beta was released on November 5, 2007, while the software development kit (SDK) was released on November 12, 2007. Several public beta versions of the SDK were released. These releases were done through software emulation as physical devices did not exist to test the operating system.
The first public release of Android 1.0 occurred with the release of the T-Mobile G1 (aka HTC Dream) in October 2008. Android 1.0 and 1.1 were not released under specific code names. The code names "Astro Boy" and "Bender" were tagged internally on some of the early pre-1.0 milestone builds and were never used as the actual code names of the 1.0 and 1.1 releases of the OS.
The project manager, Ryan Gibson, conceived using a confectionery-themed naming scheme for public releases, starting with Android 1.5 Cupcake. Google announced in August 2019 they were ending the confectionery theming scheme to use numerical ordering for future versions. The first release under the numerical order format was Android 10, which was released September 2019.
In 2017, Google announced that Google Play would begin to require apps to target a recent Android version. Initially the minimum requirement was Android 8, released in the second half of 2017, for which support would be required for new apps by August 2018, and for updates to existing apps by November 2018. This pattern has continued in subsequent years. In November 2020, Google announced new apps will need to target Android 10 by August 2021 and any updates to existing apps will need to target Android 10 by November 2021.
|Name||Internal codename||Version number(s)||Initial stable|
|Android 1.0||N/A||1.0||September 23, 2008||No||1|||
|Android 1.1||Petit Four||1.1||February 9, 2009||No||2|||
|Android Cupcake||Cupcake||1.5||April 27, 2009||No||3|||
|Android Donut||Donut||1.6||September 15, 2009||No||4|||
|Android Eclair||Eclair||2.0||October 27, 2009||No||5|||
|2.0.1||December 3, 2009||No||6|
|2.1||January 11, 2010||No||7|||
|Android Froyo||Froyo||2.2 – 2.2.3||May 20, 2010||No||8|||
|Android Gingerbread||Gingerbread||2.3 – 2.3.2||December 6, 2010||No||9|||
|2.3.3 - 2.3.7||February 9, 2011||No||10|
|Android Honeycomb||Honeycomb||3.0||February 22, 2011||No||11|||
|3.1||May 10, 2011||No||12|
|3.2 - 3.2.6||July 15, 2011||No||13|
|Android Ice Cream Sandwich||Ice Cream Sandwich||4.0 – 4.0.2||October 18, 2011||No||14|||
|4.0.3 - 4.0.4||December 16, 2011||No||15|
|Android Jelly Bean||Jelly Bean||4.1 – 4.1.2||July 9, 2012||No||16|||
|4.2 - 4.2.2||November 13, 2012||No||17|
|4.3 - 4.3.1||July 24, 2013||No||18|
|Android KitKat||Key Lime Pie||4.4 – 4.4.4||October 31, 2013||No||19|||
|4.4W - 4.4W.2||June 25, 2014||No||20|
|Android Lollipop||Lemon Meringue Pie||5.0 – 5.0.2||November 4, 2014||No||21|||
|5.1 - 5.1.1||March 2, 2015||No||22|||
|Android Marshmallow||Macadamia Nut Cookie||6.0 – 6.0.1||October 2, 2015||No||23|||
|Android Nougat||New York Cheesecake||7.0||August 22, 2016||No||24|||
|7.1 - 7.1.2||October 4, 2016||No||25|
|Android Oreo||Oatmeal Cookie||8.0||August 21, 2017||No||26|||
|8.1||December 5, 2017||Yes||27|||
|Android Pie||9||August 6, 2018||Yes||28|||
|Android 10||Quince Tart||10||September 3, 2019||Yes||29|||
|Android 11||Red Velvet Cake||11||September 8, 2020||Yes||30|||
|Android 12||Snow Cone||12||October 4, 2021||Yes||31|||
The following tables show the release dates and key features of all Android operating system updates to date, listed chronologically by their official application programming interface (API) levels.
|Android 1.0 (API 1)|
|Android 1.0, the first commercial version of the software, was released on September 23, 2008. The first commercially available Android device was the HTC Dream. Android 1.0 incorporated the following features:|
|1.0||September 23, 2008|
|Android 1.1 (API 2)|
|On February 9, 2009, the Android 1.1 update was released, initially for the HTC Dream only. Android 1.1 was known as "Petit Four" internally, though this name was not used officially. The update resolved bugs, changed the Android API and added a number of features:|
|1.1||February 9, 2009|
Android 1.5 Cupcake
|Android 1.5 Cupcake (API 3)|
|On April 27, 2009, the Android 1.5 update was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first release to officially use a codename based on a dessert item ("Cupcake"), a theme used for all releases until Android Pie, with Android 10 using a number-only system. The update included several new features and UI amendments:|
|1.5||April 27, 2009|
Android 1.5 home screen
Android 1.6 Donut
|Android 1.6 Donut (API 4)|
|On September 15, 2009, Android 1.6 – dubbed Donut – was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. Included in the update were numerous new features:|
|1.6||September 15, 2009|
Android 1.6 home screen
Android 2.0 Eclair
|Android 2.0 Eclair (API 5)|
|On October 27, 2009, the Android 2.0 SDK was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.29 and codenamed Eclair. Changes include the ones listed below.|
|2.0||October 27, 2009|
Android 2.0 home screen
Android 2.0.1 Eclair
|Android 2.0.1 Eclair (API 6)|
|2.0.1||December 3, 2009|
Android 2.1 Eclair
Android 2.2 Froyo
|Android 2.2 Froyo (API 8)|
|On May 20, 2010, the SDK for Android 2.2 (Froyo, short for frozen yogurt) was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.32.|
|2.2||May 20, 2010|
Android 2.2 home screen
|2.2.1||September 27, 2010|
|2.2.2||January 21, 2011|
|2.2.3||November 21, 2011|
Android 2.3 Gingerbread
|Android 2.3 Gingerbread (API 9)|
|On December 6, 2010, the Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) SDK was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. Changes included:|
|2.3||December 6, 2010|
Android 2.3 home screen
|2.3.1||December 22, 2010|
|2.3.2||January 21, 2011|
Android 2.3.3 Gingerbread
Android 3.0 Honeycomb
|Android 3.0 Honeycomb (API 11)|
|On February 22, 2011, the Android 3.0 (Honeycomb) SDK – the first tablet-only Android update – was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. The first device featuring this version, the Motorola Xoom tablet, was released on February 24, 2011. The update's features included:|
|3.0||February 22, 2011|
Android 3.0 home screen
Android 3.1 Honeycomb
|Android 3.1 Honeycomb (API 12)|
|3.1||May 10, 2011|
Android 3.2 Honeycomb
|Android 3.2 Honeycomb (API 13)|
|3.2||July 15, 2011|
|3.2.1||September 20, 2011|
|3.2.2||September 30, 2011|
|3.2.4||December 15, 2011|
|3.2.6||February 15, 2012|
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
|Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich (API 14)|
|The SDK for Android 4.0.1 (Ice Cream Sandwich), based on Linux kernel 3.0.1, was publicly released on October 19, 2011. Google's Gabe Cohen stated that Android 4.0 was "theoretically compatible" with any Android 2.3.x device in production at that time. The source code for Android 4.0 became available on November 14, 2011. Ice Cream Sandwich was the last version to officially support Adobe Systems' Flash player. The update introduced numerous new features:|
|4.0||October 18, 2011|
Android 4.0 home screen
|4.0.1||October 19, 2011|
|4.0.2||November 28, 2011|
Android 4.0.3 Ice Cream Sandwich
|Android 4.0.3 Ice Cream Sandwich (API 15)|
|4.0.3||December 16, 2011|
|4.0.4||March 28, 2012|
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
|Android 4.1 Jelly Bean (API 16)|
|Google announced Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) at the Google I/O conference on June 27, 2012. Based on Linux kernel 3.0.31, Jelly Bean was an incremental update with the primary aim of improving the functionality and performance of the user interface. The performance improvement involved "Project Butter", which uses touch anticipation, triple buffering, extended vsync timing and a fixed frame rate of 60 fps to create a fluid and "buttery-smooth" UI. Android 4.1 Jelly Bean was released to the Android Open Source Project on July 9, 2012, and the Nexus 7 tablet, the first device to run Jelly Bean, was released on July 13, 2012.|
|4.1||July 9, 2012|
Android 4.1 home screen
|4.1.1||July 9, 2012|
|4.1.2||October 9, 2012|
Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
|Android 4.2 Jelly Bean (API 17)|
|Google was expected to announce Jelly Bean 4.2 at an event in New York City on October 29, 2012, but the event was cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy. Instead of rescheduling the live event, Google announced the new version with a press release, under the slogan "A new flavor of Jelly Bean". Jelly Bean 4.2 was based on Linux kernel 3.4.0, and debuted on Google's Nexus 4 and Nexus 10, which were released on November 13, 2012.|
|4.2||November 13, 2012|
|4.2.1||November 27, 2012|
|4.2.2||February 11, 2013|
Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
|Android 4.3 Jelly Bean (API 18)|
|Google released Jelly Bean 4.3 under the slogan "An even sweeter Jelly Bean" on July 24, 2013, during an event in San Francisco called "Breakfast with Sundar Pichai". Most Nexus devices received the update within a week, although the second-generation Nexus 7 tablet was the first device to officially ship with it. A minor bug fix update was released on August 22, 2013.|
|4.3||July 24, 2013|
|4.3.1||October 3, 2013|
Android 4.4 KitKat
|Android 4.4 KitKat (API 19)|
|Google announced Android 4.4 KitKat on September 3, 2013. Although initially under the "Key Lime Pie" ("KLP") codename, the name was changed because "very few people actually know the taste of a key lime pie." Some technology bloggers also expected the "Key Lime Pie" release to be Android 5. KitKat debuted on Google's Nexus 5 on October 31, 2013, and was optimized to run on a greater range of devices than earlier Android versions, having 512 MB of RAM as a recommended minimum; those improvements were known as "Project Svelte" internally at Google. The required minimum amount of RAM available to Android is 340 MB, and all devices with less than 512 MB of RAM must report themselves as "low RAM" devices.|
|4.4||October 31, 2013|
Android 4.4 home screen
|4.4.1||December 5, 2013|
|4.4.2||December 9, 2013|
|4.4.3||June 2, 2014|
|4.4.4||June 19, 2014|
Android 4.4W KitKat, with wearable extensions
Android 5.0 Lollipop
|Android 5.0 Lollipop (API 21)|
|Android 5.0 "Lollipop" was unveiled under the codename "Android L" on June 25, 2014, during Google I/O. It became available as an official over-the-air (OTA) update on November 12, 2014, for select devices that run distributions of Android serviced by Google, including Nexus and Google Play edition devices. Its source code was made available on November 3, 2014.|
Lollipop features a redesigned user interface built around a responsive design language referred to as "material design". Other changes include improvements to the notifications, which can be accessed from the lockscreen and displayed within applications as top-of-the-screen banners. Furthermore, Google made internal changes to the platform, with the Android Runtime (ART) officially replacing Dalvik for improved application performance, and with changes intended to improve and optimize battery usage, known internally as Project Volta.
|5.0||November 04, 2014|
Android 5.0 home screen
|5.0.1||December 2, 2014|
|5.0.2||December 19, 2014|
Android 5.1 Lollipop
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
|Android 6.0 Marshmallow (API 23)|
|Android 6.0 "Marshmallow" was unveiled under the codename "Android M" during Google I/O on May 28, 2015, for the Nexus 5 and Nexus 6 phones, Nexus 9 tablet, and Nexus Player set-top box, under the build number MPZ44Q. The third developer preview (MPA44G) was released on August 17, 2015 for the Nexus 5, Nexus 6, Nexus 9 and Nexus Player devices, and was updated to MPA44I that brought fixes related to Android for Work profiles.|
|6.0||October 2, 2015|
Android 6.0 home screen
|6.0.1||December 7, 2015|
Android 7.0 Nougat
|Android 7.0 Nougat (API 24)|
|Android "Nougat" (codenamed N in-development) is the seventh major release of the Android operating system. It was first released as a developer preview on March 9, 2016, with factory images for supported Nexus devices, as well as with the new "Android Beta Program" which allows supported devices to be upgraded directly to the Android Nougat beta via an over-the-air update. The final release was on August 22, 2016. The final preview build was released on July 18, 2016, with the build number NPD90G.|
|7.0||August 22, 2016|
Android 7.0 home screen
Android 7.1 Nougat
|Android 7.1 Nougat (API 25)|
|On October 19, 2016, Google released Android 7.1.1 as a developer preview for the Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P and the Pixel C. A second preview became available on November 22, 2016, before the final version was released to the public on December 5, 2016.|
|7.1||October 4, 2016|
Android 7.1 home screen
|7.1.1||December 1, 2016|
|7.1.2||April 2, 2017|
Android 8.0 Oreo
|Android 8.0 Oreo (API 26)|
|Android Oreo is the eighth major release of the Android operating system. It was first released as a developer preview, codenamed Android O, on March 21, 2017, with factory images for supported Nexus and Pixel devices. The final developer preview was released on July 24, 2017, with the stable version released in August 2017.|
|8.0||August 21, 2017|
Android 8.0 home screen
Android 8.1.0 Oreo
|Android 8.1.0 Oreo (API 27)|
|Android 8.1 Oreo is the sixteenth minor release of the Android operating system. It was first released as a developer preview on October 25, 2017, with factory images for current Nexus and Pixel devices. A second developer preview was made available on November 27, 2017, for Nexus and Pixel devices, before the stable version was released on December 5, 2017.|
|8.1.0||December 5, 2017|
Android 8.1 home screen
Android 9 Pie
|Android 9 Pie (API 28)|
|Android Pie is the ninth major version of the Android operating system. It was first announced by Google on March 7, 2018, and the first developer preview was released on the same day. The second preview, considered beta quality, was released on May 8, 2018. The final beta of Android Pie (fifth preview, also considered as a "Release Candidate") was released on July 25, 2018. The first official release was released on August 6, 2018.|
|9||August 6, 2018|
Android 9 home screen
|Android 10 (API 29)|
|Android 10 is the tenth major version of the Android operating system. The stable version of Android 10 was released on September 3, 2019.|
|10||September 3, 2019|
Android 10 home screen
|Android 11 (API 30)|
|Android 11 is the eleventh major version of the Android operating system. It was first announced by Google on February 19, 2020, and the first developer preview released on the same day.|
Android 11 Beta was postponed from being launched on June 3, 2020 to June 10, 2020.
|11||September 8, 2020|
Android 11 home screen
|Android 12 (API 31)|
|Android 12 is the twelfth major version of the Android operating system. It was first announced by Google on February 18, 2021, and the first developer preview released on the same day.|
|12||October 4, 2021|
Android 12 home screen with themed icons and widgets
See also: Android (operating system) § Hardware
The main hardware platform for Android is the ARM architecture (ARMv7 and ARMv8-A architectures; formerly also ARMv5), with x86[c] and MIPS[d] architectures also officially supported in later versions of Android, but MIPS support has since been deprecated and support was removed in NDK r17.
Android 1.0 through 1.5 required a 2 megapixel camera with autofocus camera. This was relaxed to a fixed-focus camera with Android 1.6.
In 2012, Android devices with Intel processors began to appear, including phones and tablets. While gaining support for 64-bit platforms, Android was first made to run on 64-bit x86 and then on ARM64. Since Android 5.0 Lollipop, 64-bit variants of all platforms are supported in addition to the 32-bit variants.
Requirements for the minimum amount of RAM for devices running Android 7.1 depend on screen size and density and type of CPU, ranging from 816 MB–1.8 GB for 64-bit and 512 MB–1.3 GB for 32-bit meaning in practice 1 GB for the most common type of display (while minimum for Android watch is 416 MB).[e] The recommendation for Android 4.4 is to have at least 512 MB of RAM, while for "low RAM" devices 340 MB is the required minimum amount that does not include memory dedicated to various hardware components such as the baseband processor. Android 4.4 requires a 32-bitARMv7, MIPS or x86 architecture processor, together with an OpenGL ES 2.0 compatible graphics processing unit (GPU). Android supports OpenGL ES 1.1, 2.0, 3.0, 3.2 and since Android 7.0 Vulkan (and version 1.1 available for some devices). Some applications may explicitly require a certain version of the OpenGL ES, and suitable GPU hardware is required to run such applications. In 2021, Android was ported to RISC-V. In 2021, Qualcomm said it will support more updates.
- ^The 2.3.6 update had the side-effect of impairing the Wi-Fi hotspot functionality of many Canadian Nexus S phones. Google acknowledged this problem and fixed it in late September.
- ^For Canadian consumers, 4.0.2 reportedly created a bug on the Galaxy Nexus that crashed the application market when users attempted to view details of any Android application. It also inadvertently reduced the NFC capabilities of the Nexus phone.
- ^Lowest supported x86 generation is the P6 microarchitecture, also called i686.
- ^Supported is revision 1 of MIPS32 and revision 6 for 64-bit MIPS64
- ^Disk-based memory (hard drives), solid state disk devices such as USB drives, DVD-based storage, bit rates, bus speeds, and network speeds, are specified using decimal meanings for K (10001), M (10002), G (10003), etc.
- ^Elgin, Ben (August 17, 2005). "Google Buys Android for Its Mobile Arsenal". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg. Archived from the original on February 24, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
- ^"Dianne Hackborn". Google+. September 1, 2012. Archived from the original on June 12, 2013. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- ^"Dan Morrill". Google+. January 2, 2013. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
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- ^"Live Google's gPhone Open handset alliance conference call"(transcript). Gizmodo. November 5, 2007. Archived from the original on February 7, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- ^"Google releases Android SDK". MacWorld. November 12, 2007. Archived from the original on August 22, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- ^"SDK Archives". Android Developers. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- ^"The history of Android: Android 1.0—introducing Google Apps and actual hardware". Ars Technica. June 16, 2014. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
- ^ abcd"A History of Pre-Cupcake Android Codenames". Android Police. September 17, 2012. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
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- ^Cunningham, Edward (December 19, 2017). "Improving app security and performance on Google Play for years to come". Android Developers Blog. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- ^"Upload an app". Play Console Help. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- ^Cunningham, Edward (February 21, 2019). "Expanding target API level requirements in 2019". Android Developers Blog. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- ^Lam, Hoi (November 19, 2020). "New Android App Bundle and target API level requirements in 2021". Android Developers Blog. Google. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
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- ^ ab"Announcing Android 2.0 support in the SDK!".
- ^ ab"Android 2.1 SDK".
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Samsung starts rolling our Gingerbread update for Ace Comments
But does the phone work?
chok, 20 Jul 2011yes ace can run HD games and RUN a good video after upgrading to gingerbread :)plz help me how to uprage my OS to 4.0and how to increase internal memory
AnonD-39640, 27 Jan 2012Yes of course.... HD game's really working in galaxy ACE..... On Gingerbread 2.3.3.. But befo... morewhere do you download the games
AnonD-39640, 27 Jan 2012Yes of course.... HD game's really working in galaxy ACE..... On Gingerbread 2.3.3.. But befo... morehow to update my phone 2.2
AnonD-39640, 27 Jan 2012Yes of course.... HD game's really working in galaxy ACE..... On Gingerbread 2.3.3.. But befo... morehey roger524...do u think that phone was already available here in hong kong? b'coz i'm longing to find in every shop. they have g-ace upgrade but the os android was 2.3.6 and can't apply the ADOBE flash. if u dont mind where u bougth and what is the exact g-ace model should i ask to the shop? thank's in advanced..
Anonymous, 12 Oct 2011are u sure it can run hd games on upgrading to gingerbread. have u run any hd games on it?????Yes of course.... HD game's really working in galaxy ACE..... On Gingerbread 2.3.3..
But before that on android 2.2 froyo ..... It didn't worked....... But now its really superb... Galaxy Ace.... And HATS OFF TO SAMSUNG......
- Dissapointed SamUser
The update is not yet available in Singapore and Malaysia, according to the email from Samsung support.That is unfair, why other region like India able to get that and not in SEA region?
will asphalt 5 run on gingerbread ????
- [email protected]
chok, 20 Jul 2011yes ace can run HD games and RUN a good video after upgrading to gingerbread :)are u sure it can run hd games on upgrading to gingerbread. have u run any hd games on it?????
Upgrade your Samsung Galaxy Ace officially...
IMPORTANT…!!!….All of you…..While upgrading your Samsung Galaxy Ace to official Gingerbread 2.3.4 through Kies software….Please assure that your Kies has a latest version…if not…..please upgrade it first……then try to upgrade your Ace…..Upgrade your phone only if you are using hi-speed internet through Wi-Fi…..it takes around 1 to 2 hrs (Please keep patience or wait while upgrade)….Do not use any USB broadband internet device as it’s speed is very low for updating your phone through Kies…..if you still getting any message on Kies while updating or it stops…..try again and again till you get the update to your phone….it’s normal…….All the Best…!!!
hey guys if any1 needs to update thier sftwares to gingerbread 2.3.3 her is d blod open it n read it carefully,,,perform the task n u will hav n upgrade ,,,,its nic jst follow d steps ,,thers a video too
i hav don it n my cells is running gingerbrad awesumly n my phn battery backup has got nic as it was before
this is d link,,
hey..please release the official update of this fone,make the update available on all countries please samsung!..i think this handset is great as being at the midrange level device :))
hey..pls release the official update of this fone to all countries..i think this handset is great as being at the midrange level..:)
When will it be available in Argentina?
Is info out there? A list of countries and dates it will be available?
finally Indian get gingerbread Update.
check out Samsung kies.
- momo king
2.3.4 is now available in Hong Kong.
can somebody please tell me when the gingerbread version of samsung Ace will be available in UK.
Anonymous, 17 Jul 2011And the difference between the Galaxy SL and the Galaxy S is hardly 4000-5000, too. But that d... moreHey
I heard about ur phone sl
but here in my continent I barely
see/hear about it. When was it released again
Actually I really dont know. But oh
what I know is that it doesnt have an advanced version of the Holy Android OS. And wait you talking 'bout
720p recording eh? I dont care we have 1080p video
recording cameras. we're not too cheap to make our phone our whole life, its just for texting and a slight entertainment. Still want to go?
tip: just ignore me or the next time you know your
on cnet for being too cheap making the whole phone your whole life.
has anyone tested this firmware recording 640x480?