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Pontiac Firebird

Car model

"Firebird (car)" redirects here. For another series of prototype cars, see General Motors Firebird.

Motor vehicle

The Pontiac Firebird is an American automobile that was built and produced by Pontiac from the 1967 to 2002 model years. Designed as a pony car to compete with the Ford Mustang, it was introduced on February 23, 1967, five months after GM'sChevrolet division's platform-sharingCamaro.[1] This also coincided with the release of the 1967 Mercury Cougar, Ford's upscale, platform-sharing version of the Mustang.[2][3]

The name "Firebird" was also previously used by GM for the General Motors Firebird in the 1950s and early 1960s concept cars.

First generation (1967–1969)[edit]

Motor vehicle

First generation
Pontiac Firebird.jpg

1967 Pontiac Firebird convertible

ProductionFebruary 23, 1967–1969
AssemblyLordstown, Ohio, United States (1967–1969)
Van Nuys, California, United States (1968–1969)
Norwood, Ohio, United States (1969)
Body style2-door coupe
2-door convertible
PlatformF-body
RelatedChevrolet Camaro (first generation)
Engine230 cu in (3.8 L) Pontiac SOHCI6
250 cu in (4.1 L) Pontiac SOHC I6
326 cu in (5.3 L) PontiacV8
350 cu in (5.7 L) Pontiac V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) Pontiac V8
Transmission2-speed automatic
3-speed Turbo-Hydramatic automatic
3-speed manual
4-speed manual
Wheelbase108.1 in (2,746 mm) (1967)
Length188.8 in (4,796 mm) (1967)
Width72.6 in (1,844 mm) (1967)
Height51.5 in (1,308 mm) (1967)[4]

See also: GM F platform § First Generation, 1967–1969

The first generation Firebird had characteristic Coke bottle styling shared with its cousin, the Chevrolet Camaro. Announcing a Pontiac styling trend, the Firebird's bumpers were integrated into the design of the front end, giving it a more streamlined look than the Camaro. The Firebird's rear "slit" taillights were inspired by the 1966–1967 Pontiac GTO. Both a two-door hardtop and a convertible were offered through the 1969 model year. Originally, the car was a "consolation prize" for Pontiac, which had desired to produce a two-seat sports car based on its original Banshee concept car. However, GM feared this would cut into Chevrolet Corvette sales, and gave Pontiac a piece of the "pony car" market through sharing the F-body platform with Chevrolet.

The 1967 base model Firebird came equipped with the Pontiac 230 cu in (3.8 L) SOHC inline-six. Based on the architecture of the standard Chevrolet 230 cu in (3.8 L) inline-six, it was fitted with a one-barrel carburetor and rated at 165 hp (123 kW).[1] The "Sprint" model six came with a four-barrel carburetor, developing 215 hp (160 kW).[5] Most buyers opted for one of three V8s: the 326 cu in (5.3 L) with a two-barrel carburetor producing 250 hp (186 kW); the four-barrel "HO" (high output) 326, producing 285 hp (213 kW); or the 325 hp (242 kW) 400 cu in (6.6 L) from the GTO. All 1967–1968 400 CI engines had throttle restrictors that blocked the carburetors' secondaries from fully opening.[1] A "Ram Air" option was also available, providing functional hood scoops, higher flow heads with stronger valve springs, and a hotter camshaft. Power for the Ram Air package was the same as the conventional 400 HO, but peaked at 5,200 rpm.

The 230 cu in (3.8 L) engines were subsequently enlarged for 1968 to 250 cubic inches(4.1 liters), the base version developing an increased 175 hp (130 kW) using a one-barrel carburetor, and the high-output Sprint version the same 215 hp with a four-barrel carburetor. Also for the 1968 model, the 326 cu in (5.3 L) engine was replaced by the Pontiac 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8, which actually displaced 354 cu in (5.8 L), and produced 265 hp (198 kW) with a two-barrel carburetor. An HO version of the 350 cu in (5.7 L) with a revised cam was also offered starting in that year, which developed 320 hp (239 kW). Power output of the other engines was increased marginally.[1]

There was an additional Ram Air IV option for the 400 cu in (6.6 L) V8 engines during 1969, complementing the Ram Air 400(now often colloquially but incorrectly called the "Ram Air III," a name never used by Pontiac). The Ram Air IV was rated at 345 hp (350 PS; 257 kW) at 5000 rpm and 430 lb⋅ft (583 N⋅m) of torque at 3400 rpm;[6] and 335 hp (340 PS; 250 kW) respectively. The 350 cu in (5.7 L) HO engine was revised again with a different cam and cylinder heads resulting in 325 hp (242 kW). During 1969 a special 303 cu in (5.0 L) engine was designed for SCCA road racing applications that was not available in production cars.[7]

The styling difference from the 1967 to the 1968 model was the addition of federally-mandated side marker lights: for the front of the car, the turn signals were made larger and extended to wrap around the front edges of the car, and on the rear, the Pontiac (V-shaped) Arrowhead logo was added to each side. The front door vent-windows were replaced with a single pane of glass and Astro Ventilation, a fresh-air-inlet system. The 1969 model received a major facelift with a new front-end design but unlike the GTO, it did not have the Endura bumper. The instrument panel and steering wheel were revised. The ignition switch was moved from the dashboard to the steering column with the introduction of GM's new locking ignition switch/steering wheel.[1]

In March 1969, a US$1,083 ($7,643 in 2020 [8])[9] optional handling package called the "Trans Am performance and appearance package", UPC "WS4", named after the Trans Am Series, was introduced. A total of 689 hardtops and eight convertibles were made.[1]

Due to engineering problems that delayed the introduction of the new 1970 Firebird beyond the usual fall debut, Pontiac continued production of 1969 model Firebirds into the early months of the 1970 model year (the other 1970 Pontiac models had been introduced on September 18, 1969). By late spring of 1969, Pontiac had deleted all model-year references on Firebird literature and promotional materials, anticipating the extended production run of the then-current 1969 models.

Model1967[10]19681969
Two-door hardtop coupe 67,032 90,152 75,362
Two-door convertible 15,528 16,960 11,649
Two-door coupe Trans Am 689
Two-door convertible Trans Am 8
Total 82,560 107,112 87,708

Engines[edit]

[1]

  • 1967 Pontiac Firebird 400 convertible

  • 1968 Pontiac Firebird convertible 400 Ram Air with the optional hood tach

  • 1969 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am

Second generation (1970–1981)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Second generation
70s Firebird.jpg

1974 Firebird Trans Am

Production1970–1981
AssemblyVan Nuys, California, United States (1970–1971, 1978–1981)
Norwood, Ohio, United States (1970–1981)
Body style2-door coupe
PlatformF-body
RelatedChevrolet Camaro (second generation)
Engine231 cu in (3.8 L) Buick V6
250 cu in (4.1 L) Chevrolet I6
265 cu in (4.3 L) Pontiac V8
301 cu in (4.9 L) Pontiac V8
301 cu in (4.9 L) Pontiac turbo V8
305 cu in (5.0 L) Chevrolet LG3 V8
305 cu in (5.0 L) Chevrolet LG4 V8
350 cu in (5.7 L) Oldsmobile V8[a 2]
350 cu in (5.7 L) Chevrolet V8[a 2]
350 cu in (5.7 L) Pontiac V8
400 cu in (6.6 L) Pontiac V8
403 cu in (6.6 L) Oldsmobile V8
455 cu in (7.5 L) Pontiac V8
Transmission3-speed manual
4-speed manual
2-speed automatic
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase108.2 in (2,748 mm) (1978)[11]
Length196.8 in (4,999 mm) (1978)
Width73.4 in (1,864 mm) (1978)
Height49.3 in (1,252 mm) (1978)

See also: GM F platform § Second Generation, 1970–1981

The second-generation debut for the 1970 model year was delayed until February 26, 1970, because of tooling and engineering problems; thus, its popular designation as a 1970½ model, while leftover 1969s were listed in early Pontiac literature without a model-year identification.[12] This generation of Firebirds were available in coupe form only; after the 1969 model year, convertibles were not available until 1989.

Models

  • Firebird
  • Firebird Esprit
  • Firebird Formula
  • Firebird Trans Am

Special/Limited Editions and appearance packages

  • Formula appearance package (RPO W50, 1976–1981)[1]
  • 50th Anniversary limited edition (2,590 units, RPO Y82, 1976)[1]
  • Special Edition appearance package, black with gold pinstriping (RPO Y82 1977–1978, RPO Y84 1978–1981)[1]
  • Sky Bird Esprit appearance package (RPO W60, 1977–1978)[1]
  • Red Bird Esprit appearance package (RPO W68, 1978–1979)[1]
  • Yellow Bird Esprit appearance package (RPO W73, 1980)[1]
  • Special Edition appearance package, gold with brown pinstriping (8,666 units, RPO Y88, 1978)[1]
  • 10th Anniversary Trans Am (TATA) limited edition (7,500 units, RPO Y89, 1979)[1]
  • Turbo Trans Am Indianapolis pace car limited edition (5,700 units, RPO Y85, 1980)[1]
  • Turbo Trans Am "Daytona 500" pace car limited edition (2,000 units, RPO Y85, 1981)[13]
  • Macho Trans Am (offered by the Mecham Pontiac dealership in Glendale, AZ) (~400 units, 1977-1980).[14]
  • Fire Am (Firebird American) offered by Herb Adams/VSE (~200 units, 1976-1981) [15]

Replacing the "Coke bottle" styling was a more "swoopy" body style, while still retaining some traditional elements. The top of the rear window line going almost straight down to the lip of the trunk lid, a look that was to epitomize F-body styling for the longest period during the Firebird's lifetime. The new design was initially characterized by a large B-pillar, until 1975 when the rear window was enlarged.

1970[edit]

There were two Ram Air400 cu in (6.6 L) engines for 1970: the 335 hp (250 kW) L74 Ram Air 400 (366 hp (273 kW) in the GTO) and the 345 hp (257 kW) LS1 Ram Air IV (370 hp (280 kW) in the GTO) that were carried over from 1969. The difference between the GTO and Firebird engines was that the secondary carburetor's throttle linkage had a restrictor which prevented the rear barrels from opening completely,[1] adjusting the linkage could allow full carburetor operation resulting in identical engine performance.

For the 1970 and 1971 model years, all Firebirds equipped with radios had the antennae mounted "in-glass" in the windshield.[1]

1971[edit]

1971 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am

The Pontiac 455 cu in (7.5 L) engine first became available in the second generation Firebird in 1971. The 455 engine was available in the L75 325 hp (242 kW) version and the LS5 335 hp HO version, which was the standard, and only engine option, for the Trans Am. The HO engine also included Ram Air IV.[1]

1972[edit]

During a 1972 strike, the Firebird (and the similar F-bodyCamaro) were nearly dropped.[16]

Again the 455 HO was the only engine available for the Trans Am.[1]

Starting in 1972, and continuing until 1977, the Firebird was only produced at the Norwood, Ohio, facility.[1]

1973[edit]

In 1973, the Trans Am added two new colors to the Cameo White, Buccaneer Red and Brewster Green. Other exterior upgrades included the revised nosecone Firebird decal and the new, soon to be iconic, hood bird decal. This option (RPO WW7) was a pay extra $55 option exclusive to Trans Am. The "Trans Am" decals were slightly larger than previous versions, and shared the same color schemes as the hood decal.

Inside the Firebird the standard interior equipment was almost identical to prior years. The new "horse collar" optional custom interior featured new seat coverings and door panels. Interior colors were limited to black, white, burgundy and saddle but orange, red and blue carpet could be specially ordered to any of the combination.

The 1973 model line introduced "radial tuned suspension" for the Trans Am. When ordered, it included the 15-inch radial tires. Radial tuned suspension with radial tires delivered a much more comfortable ride, while providing improved cornering grip. Radial tires where just coming onto the market and Pontiac's engineering department then implemented RTS as a standard feature for the Trans Am model line.

The Firebird also had to meet the new safety and emissions requirements for 1973. There were now extra steel reinforcements in the bumper and core to support the fender. All Pontiac motors now had to be fitted with new EGR system, which delayed the SD-455 Program until late into production year.

The 1973 Trans Am engine displaced 455 cubic inches, with the two options being the base L75 and Super Duty LS2. The base 455 produced 40 fewer horsepower than the round port Super Duty 455. Horsepower for the base L75 455 was rated at 250 at 4,000 rpm and 370 lb/ft at 2,800 rpm. Pontiac removed the "HO" designation from the base engine, and simply labelled the now non-functional shaker with "455".

In 1973 and 1974, a special version of the 455, called the "Super Duty 455" (SD-455), was offered. The SD-455 consisted of a strengthened cylinder block that included four-bolt main bearings and added material in various locations for improved strength. Original plans called for a forged crankshaft, although actual production SD455s received nodular iron crankshafts with minor enhancements. Forged rods and forged aluminium pistons were specified, as were unique high-flow cylinder heads. These motors wore the "SD-455" shaker callout and also featured a decal on the driver's side valve cover with oil specifications. These "hand assembled" engines were developed to withstand aftermarket modifications and operate at a higher RPM range when contrasted with the L75. Horsepower for the LS2 SD-455 was rated at 290 at 4,000 rpm and 395 lb/ft at 3,600 rpm.

The 1973 Trans Am production was up over previous years, the L75 455 production had 3,130 automatics and 1,420 manuals. The special ordered $550 option LS2 SD-455 production had 180 automatics and 72 manuals.

The 480737 code cam (identical grind to the RAIV "041" cam) was originally specified for the SD455 engine and was fitted into the "pre-production" test cars , one of which was tested by both Hot Rod and Car and Driver magazines. However, actual production cars were fitted with the milder 493323 cam and 1.5:1 rocker ratios, due to the ever-tightening emissions standards of the era. This cam and rocker combination, combined with a low compression ratio of 8.4:1 advertised (7.9:1 actual) yielded 290 SAE net horsepower. Production SD455 cars did not have functional hood scoops, while the "pre-production" test cars did.

McCully verified that no production SD455s released to the public were fitted with the 480737 cam. When asked about the compromises for the production SD455 engine, McCully responded, "Compression, camshaft, jetting, and vacuum advance". He followed by stating that he would have preferred a compression ratio of 10.25:1, a camshaft with 041 valve timing, slightly richer carburettor jetting, and as much vacuum advance as the engine would tolerate. However, that proved to be impossible due to the emissions regulations of the era.

1974[edit]

1974 Pontiac Firebird Formula

Curb weights rose dramatically in the 1974 model year because of the implementation of 5 mph (8.0 km/h) telescoping bumpers and various other crash- and safety-related structural enhancements; SD455 Trans Ams weighed in at 3,850 lb (1,746 kg) in their first year of production (1974 model year; actually 1973).

The 1974 models featured a redesigned "shovel-nose" front end and new wide "slotted" taillights. In 1974, Pontiac offered two base engines for the Firebird: a 100 hp (75 kW) 250 cu in (4.1 L) inline-six and a 155 hp (116 kW) 350 cu in (5.7 L) V8. Available were 175 to 225 hp (130 to 168 kW) 400 cu in (6.6 L) V8 engines, as well as the 455 cu in (7.5 L) produced 215 or 250 hp (160 or 186 kW), while the SD-455 produced 290 hp (216 kW). The 400, 455, and SD-455 engines were offered in the Trans Am and Formula models during 1974. A June 1974 test of a newly delivered, privately owned SD-455 Trans Am. This appeared in Super Stock and Drag Illustrated. With an unmodified car and a test weight of 4,010 lbs the testers clocked 14.25 seconds at 101 mph. The car had an automatic and A/C.[17] Also, the factory rating of 290 hp was listed at 4,400 rpm while the factory tachometer has a 5,750 rpm redline. A production line stock 1974 SD455 produced 253 rear wheel HP on a chassis dyno, as reported by High Performance Pontiac magazine (January 2007). This is also consistent with the 290 SAE net horsepower factory rating (as measured at the crankshaft).

A 1974 Firebird was driven by Jim Rockford in the pilot movie and the first season (1974–1975) of The Rockford Files; every following season, Rockford would change to the next model year. However, in the sixth season (1979–1980), Rockford continued to drive the 1978 Firebird from season five, as the star, James Garner, disliked the 1979 model's restyled front end. The cars in the show were badged as lower-tier Esprit models but were Formulas with the twin-scoop hood replaced with a scoopless one. Another hint was the twin exhausts and rear anti-roll bars that were not used on the Esprit.

1975[edit]

The 1975 models featured a new wraparound rear window that curved out to occupy more of the B-Pillar, but the rear body shape and bumper remained unchanged. The turn signals were moved up from the valance panel to the grills which helped distinguish the 1975 from the 1974 front end as they are relatively the similar. This was also the last year of the larger profile larger snout Formula hood for the Firebird Formula.

The Super Duty engine and TurboHydramatic 400 3-speed automatic were no longer available in 1975. Due to the use of catalytic converters starting in 1975, the TH400 would not fit alongside the catalytic converter underneath the vehicle. The smaller TurboHydramatic 350 automatic was deemed suitable as the power output for the motors had significantly decreased from the earlier years. TH350 drew less power from the motor, and also did not require an electronic kickdown system. The Pontiac L78 400 was standard in the Trans Am and the 455 was optional for both 1975 and 1976 models.

Originally, the L75 455 7.5L V8 was dropped entirely, but public demand saw the 455 return mid-year, available only with a 4-speed Borg Warner Super T-10, and it was no longer available for the Formula. Although it was brought back as the "455 H.O", it was not the same motor as the 1971-72 LS2 455 HO seen in the earlier Firebirds. The motor was a standard D-port engine with a very low profile camshaft and restrictive exhaust system that was also seen in the larger body Pontiac platforms. The power output was restricted to 200HP with a torque rating of 330lb⋅ft at 2000rpm. [18] This resulted in a very critical response to the "HO" moniker being used on a station wagon motor by critics at the time. However, when later contrasted to what other performance vehicles were available on the market, it was the largest displacement "performance" motor still available that could easily produce more power with basic modifications. Track testing in 1975 showed the 455 received a 16.12 second quarter mile time, which was on par with the only other competition, the L82 Corvette. [19]

1976[edit]

Pontiac celebrated its 50th anniversary year in 1976.[20] To commemorate this event, Pontiac unveiled a special Trans Am option at the 1976 Chicago Auto Show.[21] Painted in black with gold accents, this was the first "anniversary" Trans Am package and the first production black and gold special edition. A removable T-top developed by Hurst was set to be included on all Y82 LE T/As, but proved problematic in installation and quality control, leading some Y82s to not be delivered with the Hurst T-top roof. All Hurst T-top equipped cars were built at the Norwood, Ohio, factory. It became an available option for other Firebirds in 1977.[21]

1976 marked the end of the Pontiac L75 7.5 liter 455 V8, as it could no longer meet the tightening emissions restrictions and the "HO" moniker used the year prior was dropped. The L75 was only available with a four-speed manual Borg Warner Super T-10, and was exclusive to the Trans Am.

1976 also introduced the "W50 appearance package" for the Formula model line, consisting of a two-tone appearance package with lower accents across the bottom of the body, a large "Formula" decal across the bottom of each door, and a "Firebird" decal on the rear spoiler.

1977[edit]

1977 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am

The Firebird received it's most recognizable front end for the 1977 model year. The shaker scoop was also revised for this year, with the early 1977-built T/As coming with off-center, lower-profile shaker scoops. The Formula hood was changed for the last time for the second generation with a much lower profile. The snowflake wheel became an option for all Firebirds and was standard with the Y82 appearance package, although it could be replaced with Rally II wheels as a credit option. [22]

For the Esprit, an optional appearance package RPO W60 called the "Skybird appearance package" became available, featuring an all blue exterior and interior. This package was originally slated to be called the "Bluebird" similar to the "Yellowbird" and "Redbird" packages to follow in the upcoming model years, but the name was already in use for a company that produced school buses. [23]

In 1977, General Motors began to source a larger selection of V8 motors to supply in the lower model Firebirds, and the Oldsmobile 350 V8 as well as the Chevrolet 350 V8 became options for the Firebird, Esprit, and Formula. This was the first time GM had required Pontiac to source another V8 motor to supply in its Firebird model line, as previously, the Chevrolet inline six was the only other outsourced motor seen in a Firebird. This marked the beginning of the end for Pontiac's engine development.

The Trans Am had now three different engine options to chose from, the standard Pontiac L78 400, the W72 400, and the Oldsmobile-sourced L80 403.

As Pontiac had lost the 455 in the previous model year, they offered a modified 400 Pontiac V8 dubbed the "T/A 6.6" RPO W72 with a single four-barrel 800CFM Rochester Quadrajet carburettor rated at 200 bhp (203 PS; 149 kW) at 3,600 rpm and a maximum torque of 325 lb⋅ft (441 N⋅m) at 2,400 rpm, as opposed to the regular 6.6 Litre 400 (RPO L78) rated at 180 hp (134 kW). The T/A 6.6 equipped engines had chrome valve covers, while the base 400 engines had painted valve covers. For 1977, the W72 shared the same air cleaner as the L78.

The Oldsmobile 403 was implemented as the 400 Pontiac could not satisfy emissions requirements for high-altitude states and California. Wanting to still offer a 6.6 litre option for the Trans Am, the 403 Olds was seen as a suitable replacement as when equipped with an A.I.R emissions system, it could satisfy the emissions criteria for these states and still offer the power the Trans Am was known for. The L80 Oldsmobile had slightly more power than the standard L78 Pontiac 400 at 185hp (138kW) and offered the same low end torque of 320 lb⋅ft (430 N⋅m) at a more useable operating range of 2,200rpm. [24]

From 1977 to 1981, the Firebird used four square headlamps, while the Camaro continued to retain the two round headlights that had been shared by both second-generation designs. The 1977 Trans-Am special edition became famous after being featured in Smokey and the Bandit. The 1980 turbo model was used for Smokey and the Bandit II.

1978[edit]

Pontiac Firebird Trans Am
A 1976 Pontiac L78 400CID V8

Changes for 1978 were slight, with a switch from a honeycomb to a crosshatch pattern grille being the most notable change to the body style. The decals for the standard Trans Ams changed from the "looping style" lettering to the "block-style" font that would remain on the Firebird until the end of the second generation. [25] T-tops in 1978 transitioned from Hurst units to Fisher (GM) in mid-year. Pontiac also introduced the Red Bird package on the Firebird Esprit model. Painted in Roman red with a matching deluxe red interior, it demonstrated gold accents with a unique Red Bird graphic on the b-pillars. It also included a Formula steering wheel with gold spokes and gold dash bezel, similar to the ones included in Special Edition package, however, the red and gold steering wheel was exclusive to the Red Bird Esprit. [26]

The W72 engine option also saw a revision to the camshaft duration and the tuning of the Rochester Quadrajet which lead to a 10% increase of horsepower from the following year, bringing the total to 220hp. The WS6 special performance package developed by Herb Adams was introduced as a handling option for the Trans Am, including a larger diameter rear sway bar, tighter ration steering box, 15x8 snowflake wheels, additional frame bracing, as well as other suspension changes. Delays in manufacturing prevented the rear disc brake (RPO J65) from being available on the 1978 model year. [27] Approximately 25% of Trans Ams in 1978 had the WS6 option according to Pontiac sales information at the start of 1979.

1979[edit]

1979 Pontiac Firebird Trans AM, in T-top and coupe versions

The front end was restyled for 1979, which also marked the 10th anniversary of the Trans Am. For 1979, there were three possible engine options. The L80 Oldsmobile 403ci motor became the standard motor and was only available with the TH350 3-speed automatic. The W72 was available for a short period and in limited supply. This was the last of the line for the Pontiac large displacement V8 engines, and only available with the Borg Warner Super T-10, also requiring the WS6 handling package as mandatory equipment in conjunction with this driveline choice. As an alternative option for customers who wanted a four-speed transmission, the smaller displacement Pontiac L37 301 4.9 liter V8 was offered as a credit option and could come equipped with either the ST-10 or TH350. [28]

A limited-edition anniversary package was made available: platinum silver paint with charcoal gray upper paint accents and mirrored T-tops, and a special interior featuring silver leather seats with custom-embroidered Firebird emblems and aircraft-inspired red lighting for the gauges. The 10th-anniversary cars also featured special 10th-anniversary decals, including a Firebird hood decal that extended off of the hood and onto the front fenders. Pontiac produced 7,500 10th anniversary cars, of which 1,817 were equipped with the high-output Pontiac T/A 6.6 W72 400 engine. Two 10th anniversary Trans Ams were the actual pace cars for the 1979 Daytona 500, which has been called the race that made NASCAR. Car and Driver magazine named the Trans Am with the WS6 performance package the best handling car of 1979. During period dyno testing, the National Hot Rod Association rated the limited-availability T/A 6.6 high-output Pontiac 400 engine at 260–280 net horsepower, which was significantly higher than Pontiac's conservative rating of 220 hp. In 1979 Pontiac sold 116,535 Trans Ams, the highest sold in a year.

1980[edit]

In 1980, ever-increasing emissions restrictions led Pontiac to drop all of its large-displacement engines.[29] 1980 therefore saw the biggest engine changes for the Trans Am. The 301, offered in 1979 as a credit option, was now the standard engine. No manual transmission was available for the Formula or Trans Am in 1980, all received the 3-speed automatic Turbo Hydramatic 350. Engine options included a turbocharged 301 or the Chevrolet 305 small block. The turbocharged 301 used a Garrett TB305 turbo attached to a single Rochester Quadrajet four-barrel carburettor and featured a hood mounted "boost" gauge that would light up as the TB305 accumulated boost. The hood of the 301T equipped Firebirds had a large offset bulge to accommodate for the mounting position of the carburettor on the motor as the turbocharger exhaust occupied a large amount of space in the engine bay. The 301T set up was relatively primitive new technology at the time of its development and could not properly maximise the efficiency of the turbocharged set-up. The 301T equipped T/A's were restricted to an automatic transmission and a 3.08 rear differential ratio, but were seen as a disappointment contrasted to the venerable W72 400 available just a year prior. Some owners have claimed quite reasonable performance numbers with the modern fuels.[30][31]

A 1980 turbo Trans Am was featured in the movie Smokey and the Bandit II, but was fitted with nitrous oxide tanks by Marvin Miller Systems to get the desired performance.[32]

1981[edit]

1981 Pontiac Firebird turbo Trans Am

1981 became the final year for the second generation Pontiac Firebird. The three engine options were unchanged for the model line-up, however, the option for a four-speed Borg Warner Super T-10 was re-introduced for the Formula and Trans Am, but was only available with the Chevrolet sourced LG4 305 5.0 liter V8. As with all other General Motors vehicles for 1981, all engines came equipped with the "computer command control" system attached to the carburettor. [33][34]

The hood decal for the 1981 model year was also slightly restyled. All Firebirds also received an embossed silver Firebird decal on the petrol tank cap attached to the rear taillights. On the special edition Trans Ams, this Firebird was gold.

The G80 limited slip differential that was previously standard for the last decade on all Trans Ams became a pay-extra option. This decision was made by Pontiac to prepare dealers for the new ordering and pricing for the third generation Firebird where the G80 was no longer being included as a standard option for the Trans Am.

Engines[edit]

1970Std250 cu in (4.1 L) Chevrolet I6
155 hp (116 kW)
Esprit std350 cu in (5.7 L) Pontiac V8
255 hp (190 kW)
346400 cu in (6.6 L) Pontiac V8
265 hp (198 kW)
L78 400 CID Pontiac V8
330 hp (246 kW)
L74 400 CID Pontiac Ram Air 400 V8
345 hp (257 kW)
400 CID Pontiac Ram Air IV V8
370 hp (276 kW)
L74 (T/A std) 400 CID Pontiac Ram Air IV V8
335 hp (250 kW)
LS1 400 CID Pontiac Ram Air IV V8
345 hp (257 kW)
1971Std 250 CID Chevrolet I6
155 hp (bhp)[a 3] 110 hp (82 kW) (whp)
L30 350 CID Pontiac V8
250 hp (186 kW) (bhp) 165 hp (123 kW) (whp)
L65 400 CID Pontiac V8
265 hp (bhp) 180 hp (134 kW) (whp)
L78 400 CID Pontiac V8
300 hp (224 kW) (bhp) 250 hp (186 kW) (whp)
L75455 cu in (7.5 L) Pontiac V8
325 hp (242 kW) (bhp) 255 hp (whp)
LS5 455 CID Pontiac "HO" Ram Air IV V8
335 hp (bhp) 305 hp (227 kW) (whp)
1972Std 250 CID Chevrolet I6
110 hp
L30 350 CID Pontiac V8
175 hp (130 kW)
L65 400 CID Pontiac V8
200 hp (149 kW)
L78 400 CID Pontiac V8
250 hp (186 kW)
LS5 455 CID Pontiac "HO" V8
300 hp (224 kW)
1973Std 250 CID Chevrolet I6
100 hp (75 kW)
L30 350 CID Pontiac V8
150–175 hp (112–130 kW)[a 4]
L65 400 CID Pontiac V8
170–185 hp (127–138 kW)[a 4]
L78 400 CID Pontiac V8
230 hp (172 kW)
L75 455 CID Pontiac V8
250 hp (186 kW)
LS2 455 CID Pontiac "SD" V8
290–310 hp (216–231 kW)[a 5]
1974Std 250 CID Chevrolet I6
100 hp
L30 350 CID Pontiac V8
155–170 hp (116–127 kW)[a 6]
L65 400 CID Pontiac V8
190 hp (142 kW)
L78 400 CID Pontiac V8
200 hp (149 kW)
LS2 455 CID Pontiac "SD" V8
290 hp (216 kW)
1975L22 250 CID Chevrolet I6
100 hp
L30 350 CID Pontiac V8
155 hp (116 kW)
L76 350 CID Pontiac V8
175 hp (130 kW)
L78 400 CID Pontiac V8
185 hp (138 kW)
L75 455 CID Pontiac "H.O." V8
[a 7]200 hp (149 kW)
1976L30 350 CID Pontiac V8
160 hp (119 kW)
L76 350 CID Pontiac V8
165 hp (123 kW)
1977LD231 cu in (3.8 L) Buick V6
105 hp (78 kW)
L27301 cu in (4.9 L) Pontiac V8
135 hp (101 kW)
L34 350 CID Pontiac V8
170 hp (127 kW)
L76350 CID Oldsmobile V8
170 hp (127 kW)
L78 400 CID Pontiac V8
180 hp (134 kW)
W72 400 CID Pontiac V8
200 hp (149 kW)
L80403 cu in (6.6 L) Oldsmobile V8
185 hp (138 kW)
1978LD5 3.8 L (231 cu in) Buick V6[a 8]
105 hp
LG35.0 L (305 cu in) 5.0 L Chevrolet V8
135 hp (101 kW)
LM15.7 L (350 cu in) V8[a 2]
170 hp (127 kW)
L78 6.6 L (400 cu in) Pontiac V8
185 hp (138 kW)
W72 6.6 L Pontiac V8
220 hp (164 kW)
L80 6.6 L (403 cu in) Oldsmobile V8
185 hp (138 kW)
1979L27 4.9 L (301 cu in) Pontiac V8
135 hp (101 kW)
L37 4.9 L Pontiac V8
150 hp (112 kW)
LG3 5.0 L Chevrolet V8
135 or 150 hp (101 or 112 kW)
LM1 5.7 L Chevrolet V8
170 hp (127 kW)
W72 6.6 L Pontiac V8
220 hp (164 kW)
L80 6.6 L Oldsmobile V8
185 hp (138 kW)
1980L37 4.9 L Pontiac V8
140 hp (104 kW)
W72 4.9 L Pontiac E/C V8
155 hp (116 kW)
LU84.9 L Pontiac Turbo V8
210 hp (157 kW)
LG45.0 L Chevrolet V8
150 hp (112 kW)
1981LD5 3.8 L Buick V6LS54.3 L (265 cu in) Pontiac V8
140 hp (104 kW)
L37 4.9 L Pontiac E/C V8
155 hp (116 kW)
LU8 4.9 L Pontiac Turbo V8
200 hp (149 kW)

[1]

Production totals[edit]

Model yearTotal[1]
197048,739
197153,125
197229,951
197346,313
197473,729
197584,063
1976110,775
1977155,735
1978187,294
1979211,453
1980107,340
198170,899

Third generation (1982–1992)[edit]

Main article: Pontiac Firebird (third generation)

Motor vehicle

Third generation
20th Anniversary Turbo TransAm Convertible august 2009 9,000 original miles.png

1989 20th Anniversary Turbo Trans Am convertible

Production1982–1992
AssemblyVan Nuys, California, United States
Norwood, Ohio, United States (1982–1987)
Body style2-door liftback
2-door convertible
PlatformF-body
RelatedChevrolet Camaro (third generation)
Engine151 cu in (2.5 L) PontiacI4
173 cu in (2.8 L) GM 60°V6
191 cu in (3.1 L) GM 60° V6
231 cu in (3.8 L) Buick Turbo V6
305 cu in (5.0 L) ChevroletV8
350 cu in (5.7 L) Chevrolet V8
Transmission3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Wheelbase101 in (2,565 mm)
Length1990–92 Firebird: 195.1 in (4,956 mm)
1990–92 Trans Am: 195.2 in (4,958 mm)
Pre-1988 Firebird: 190.5 in (4,839 mm)
Pre-1988 Trans Am: 191.8 in (4,872 mm)
Width72.4 in (1,839 mm)
Height49.7 in (1,262 mm)
1989 Pontiac Trans Am Firebird GTA
1991 Firebird convertible with restyled nose

The availability and cost of gasoline (two fuel crises had occurred by this time) meant the weight and the fuel consumption of the third generation had to be considered in the design. In F-body development, both the third generation Firebird and Camaro were proposed as possible front-wheel-drive platforms, but the idea was scrapped. Computerized engine management was in its infancy, and with fuel efficiency being the primary objective, it was not possible to have high horsepower and torque numbers. They did manage to cut enough weight from the design so that acceleration performance would be better than the 1981 models. They also succeeded in reducing fuel consumption, offering a four-cylinder Firebird that would provide 34 miles per US gallon (6.9 l/100 km).[35] GM executives decided that engineering effort would best be spent on aerodynamics and chassis development. They created a modern platform so that when engine technology advanced, they would have a well-balanced package with acceleration, braking, handling, and aerodynamics.

The Firebird and Camaro were completely redesigned for the 1982 model year, with the windshield slope set at 62 degrees, (about three degrees steeper than anything GM had ever tried before), and for the first time, a large, glass-dominated hatchback that required no metal structure to support it. Two concealed pop-up headlights, a first on the F-Body cars, were the primary characteristic that distinguished the third generation Firebird from both its Camaro sibling and its prior form (a styling characteristic carried into the fourth generation's design). In addition to being about 500 pounds (230 kg) lighter than the previous design, the new design was the most aerodynamic product GM had ever released. Wind tunnels were used to form the new F-Body platform's shape, and Pontiac took full advantage of it. The aerodynamic developments extended to the finned aluminum wheels with smooth hubcaps and a functional rear spoiler.

Models[edit]

  • Firebird Base
  • Firebird S/E (1982–1987)
  • Firebird Formula (1987–1992)
  • Firebird Trans Am

Styles[edit]

Firebird Base (I4/V6/V8)-Series 2FS (1982–85)
Firebird Base (V6/V8)-Series 2FS (1986–92)
Firebird ASC convertible (V6/V8)-Series 2FS (1986–89)
Firebird convertible (V6/V8)-Series 2FS (1991–92)
Firebird Special Edition (S/E) (I4/V6/V8)-Series 2FX (1982–85)
Firebird Special Edition (S/E) (V6/V8)-Series 2FX (1986)
Firebird Formula (V8)-Series 2FS/W66 (1987–92)
Firebird Formula ASC convertible (V8)-Series 2FS/W66 (1987–89)
Firebird Trans Am-Series 2FW/WS4 (V8) (1982–92)
Firebird Trans Am ASC convertible (V8)-Series 2FW/WS4 (1986–89)
Firebird Trans Am convertible (V8) 2FW/WS4 (1991–92)
Firebird Recaro Trans Am (V8)-Series 2FW/Y84 (1982–84)
Firebird Trans Am GTA (V8)-Series 2FW/Y84 (1987–92)
Firebird Trans Am GTA convertible (V8)-Series 2FW/Y84 (1987–89)
Firebird 25th Anniversary Daytona 500 Limited Edition Trans Am-(V8)-Series 2FW/WS4 (1994)
Firebird 15th Anniversary Trans Am-(V8)-Series 2FW/WS4 (1984)
Firebird 20th Anniversary Turbo Trans Am-(V6 Turbo)-Series 5FW/WS4 (1989)[36]

1988[edit]

1988 Trans Am GTA
1988 Pontiac Trans Am GTA with Notchback option

In 1988 the Trans Am GTA, which was built with the standard 350 cu in 5.7 L V8 engine, was offered with the option of removable roof "T-Tops". However, any buyer ordering this option could only order the 305 cu in 5.0 L V8 engine, because the roof would not have the support for all the extra torque from the engine, requiring a power trade-off for those who wanted this option. Pontiac also introduced a rare option for the Trans Am GTA in the 1988 model year. This notable option on the 1988 Trans Am GTA was the $800 "Notchback", which replaced the standard long large, glass-dominated hatchback to make the Firebird design look less like the Camaro design, and shared an appearance with the Pontiac Fiero. The Notchback was a special fiberglass rear deck lid, replacing the long-sloped window with a short vertical rear window, resembling the back of a Ferrari 288 GTO.

Approximately 700 of these Notchbacks were built in 1988 and offered for sale by Pontiac. The promotion was only in the form of a sheet in the back of a notebook of available options. The Notchbacks were made by Auto-Fab of Auburn Hills, MI. Problems with the incorrect fitting of the Notchbacks to the GTAs at the Van Nuys plant often resulted in delays of several months for buyers who wanted this option.[37] Furthermore, quality control problems plagued the Notchback, many owners complained of rippling and deforming of the fiberglass rear deck, and others complained of large defects resembling acne forming in the Notchbacks. Pontiac had to repair them under warranty, sanding down the imperfections, and repainting them, only to have more flaws resurface months later. Because of the poor quality and numerous expensive warranty repairs and repainting, the Notchback was subsequently canceled for the 1989 20th Anniversary Turbo Trans Am, although a few were produced.

Engines[edit]

[1]

Fourth generation (1993–2002)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Fourth generation
1993-97 Pontiac Firebird.jpg
ProductionNovember 1992 – August 30, 2002[38]
AssemblySainte-Thérèse, Quebec
Body style2-door liftback
2-door convertible
PlatformF-body
RelatedChevrolet Camaro (fourth generation)
Engine
  • 207 cu in (3.4 L) L32V6 (160 hp)
  • 231 cu in (3.8 L) L36 V6 (205 hp)
  • 350 cu in (5.7 L) LT1V8 (275-305 hp)
  • 350 cu in (5.7 L) LT4 V8 (330 hp)
  • 346 cu in (5.7 L) LS1 V8 (305-330 hp)
  • 346 cu in (5.7 L) SLP Firehawk LS1 V8 (345-350 hp)
TransmissionTHM 4L60 4-speed automatic (1993)
THM 4L60E 4-speed automatic (1994–2002)
Borg Warner T-5 5-speed manual (V6 engine)
Borg Warner T56 6-speed manual (V8 engine)
Wheelbase101.1 in (2,568 mm)
Length1993–1997 Firebird: 195.6 in (4,968 mm)
1998–2002 Firebird: 193.3 in (4,910 mm)
1993–1997 Trans Am: 197 in (5,004 mm)
1998–1999 Trans Am: 193.8 in (4,923 mm)
2000–2002 Trans Am: 193.7 in (4,920 mm)
Width1993–1997: 74.5 in (1,892 mm)
1998–2002: 74.4 in (1,890 mm)
Height1993–1999 Firebird 52 in (1,321 mm)
2000–2002 Firebird: 51.2 in (1,300 mm)
1993–1995 Trans Am: 51.7 in (1,313 mm)
1996–1999 Trans Am: 52 in (1,321 mm)
2000–2002 Trans Am: 51.8 in (1,316 mm)
1993–1999 Firebird convertible: 52.7 in (1,339 mm)
2000–2002 Firebird convertible 51.8 in (1,316 mm)
1994–1999 Trans Am convertible: 52.4 in (1,331 mm)
Curb weight3,440 lb (1,560 kg) (5.7 L LT1 coupe)
3,284 lb (1,490 kg) (5.7 L LS1 coupe)

The fourth-generation Firebird amplified the aerodynamic styling initiated by the previous generation. While the live rear axle and floorpan aft of the front seats remained largely the same, ninety percent of the Firebird's parts were all-new.[39] Overall, the styling of the Firebird more strongly reflected the Banshee IV concept car than the 1991 "facelift" did. As with the Camaro, major improvements included standard dual airbags, four-wheel anti-lock brakes, 16-inch wheels, rack-and-pinion power steering, short/long-arm front suspension, and several non-rusting composite body panels. Throughout its fourth generation, trim levels included V6-powered Firebird, and V8-powered Formula and Trans Am. Standard manual transmissions were the T5 five-speed manual for the V6s, Borg-Warner′s T56 six-speed manual for the V8s. The 4L60 four-speed automatic was optional for both in 1993, becoming the 4L60E with built-in electronic controls in 1994.

1993–1997[edit]

From 1993 until 1995 (1995 non-California cars), Firebirds received a 160 hp (119 kW) 3.4 L V6, an enhanced version of the third-generation's 3.1 L V6. Beginning mid-year 1995 onward, a Series II 3.8 L V6 with 200 hp (149 kW) became the Firebird's sole engine. From 1993 to 1997, the sole engine for the Formula and Trans Am was the 5.7 L LT1 V8, essentially identical to the LT1 in the C4 Corvette except for more flow-restrictive intake and exhaust systems. Steering wheel audio controls were included with optional uplevel cassette or compact disc stereo systems.

Beginning with 1994 model year cars, "Delco 2001"-series stereo systems replaced the previous Delco units.[40]: 898  This revised series, also introduced for other Pontiac car lines, featured ergonomically-designed control panels with larger buttons and an optional seven-band graphic equalizer. Also in 1994, the fourth-generation convertible was available; every Firebird (and Camaro) convertible featured a glass rear window with a built-in electric defroster.

The 1995 models were the same as those of previous years, but traction control (ASR: acceleration slip regulation) was available for LT1 Firebirds, controlled by a switch on the console. The steering wheels in all Firebirds were also changed; their optional built-in audio controls were more closely grouped on each side. The "Trans Am GT" trim level was dropped from the lineup after its model year run in 1994. For 1995, all Trans Ams received 155-mph speedometers and Z-rated tires. 1995 was also the first year of the vented version of the Opti-Spark distributors on LT1 F-cars, addressing a common mechanical fault with the unit. The 'transmission perform' button was available only in the 1994 and 1995 Formula and Trans Am. This option was stopped for the 1996 and later models, but the unused connections remain available for 1996 and 1997 Formula and Trans Am. While 1995 cars still used the OBD-I (on-board diagnostic) computer system (the last year of any American car including the F-body to use OBD-I), a majority of them had OBD-II connector ports under the dash.

Firebird performance levels improved for 1996, with the establishment of the stronger 200-hp 3.8 L V6 as the new base engine, and the power rating of the LT1 increased to 285 for 1996, due to its new dual catalytic-converter exhaust system. 1996 was also the first model year of the OBD-II computer system. Optional performance enhancements were available for each Firebird trim level; the Y87 performance packages for V6s added mechanical features of the V8 setups, such as four-wheel disc brakes, faster-response steering, limited-slip rear differential, and dual tailpipes.[40]: 904  For Formulas and Trans Ams, functional dual-inlet "Ram Air" hoods returned as part of the WS6 performance package. The optional package boosted rated horsepower from 285 to 305, and torque from 325 lb·ft to 335. Also included were 17x9-wheels wheels with 275/40ZR17 tires, suspension improvements, oval dual tailpipe tips, and a WS6 badge. Bilstein shocks were a further option with the package.

The 1997 model year introduced standard air conditioning, daytime running lamps (utilizing the front turn signal lamps), digital odometer and optional 500-watt Monsoon cassette or compact disc stereo systems to all Firebird trim levels.[40]: 907  For V6 Firebirds, a W68 sport appearance package was also introduced as a counterpart to the Camaro RS trim level. The WS6 "Ram Air" performance package was now also an option for the Formula and Trans Am convertibles, although these convertibles did not receive the 17-inch wheel-and-tire combination. There were 41 Formula convertibles and 463 Trans Am convertibles produced from 1996 to 1997 with the WS6 package.

1998–2002[edit]

In 1997, in relation to the Camaro, the Firebird received a mid-cycle refresh for the 1998 model year. Major changes included a new hood and front fascia with dual intakes, retracting quad halogen headlights, circular turn signals and fog lamps, a front license plate pocket, lower fender air vents, unified-style lower door raised lettering for each trim level, and a new "honeycomb" rear light panel, with circular reverse lamps. In the dashboard, "next-generation" reduced-force dual airbags became standard. As before, the Formula and Trans Am again received a close derivative of the Corvette's 5.7 L V8, the LS1 of the C5 Corvette, as the LT1 (and LT4) V8s were discontinued.[40]: 911  The LS1 Firebirds were also equipped with an aluminum driveshaft, replacing the previous steel version, while all Firebird trim levels gained four-wheel disc brakes with dual-piston front calipers and larger rotors at each wheel, complete with a solenoid-based Bosch anti-lock system. The Formula convertible was no longer offered.

Beginning in 1998 for 1999 models, a standard 16.8-gallon non-metallic fuel tank increased the potential traveling range. GM's ASR traction control system was extended to the V6-powered Firebirds, and all LS1 (V8) and Y87 (V6) Firebirds also received a Zexel/Torsen II slip-reduction rear axle. An electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) system replaced the old hydraulic proportioning valve for improved brake performance. An enhanced sensing and diagnostic module (SDM) recorded vehicle speed, engine rpm, throttle position, and brake use in the last five seconds prior to airbag deployment.[40]: 915  In 1999, a Hurst shifter for variants with the 6-speed manual and a power steering cooler became options for LS1 Firebirds.

In 2000, the WS6 performance package was available exclusively for the 2001 model year Trans Am coupe and convertible variants.

For 2002, more convenience items such as power mirrors and power antenna became standard equipment, while cassette stereos were phased out.

Special editions[edit]

Firehawk[edit]

The special-edition extra-performance Firehawk (available in Formula trim for 1993–1997, and again in both Formula and Trans Am trims for 1999–2002) was produced by SLP Engineering, Inc., and sold through Pontiac dealerships. Featuring 17-inch wheels with namesake Firestone Firehawk 275/40ZR17 tires along with a functional twin-inlet hood above a specific air cleaner box, its rated power increased to 300 hp (224 kW) and 330 lb·ft (445 Nm) of torque. A total of 201 Firehawks were built for 1993. In 1994, the Firehawk package was expanded to include options for a suspension upgrade as well as a larger-diameter exhaust system that could boost power to 315 hp (235 kW). T-top Formula coupes and convertibles could also be optioned as Firehawks beginning in 1995. For 1996 and 1997, the Firehawk gained rectangular driving lights mounted inside the front scoops and (except Firehawk convertibles) the Trans Am's elevated rear wing. In 1997, an LT4 Firehawk was also available, utilizing the same 330 hp (246 kW), balanced-and-blueprinted LT4 V8 engine as found in the manual-transmission 1996 Corvette. A total of 29 LT4-powered Firehawks were produced.

Power levels for the 1999 Firehawk, powered by the LS1 V8, rose to 327 hp (244 kW) (330 in 2000, 335 in 2001, and 345 in late 2002 models equipped with the "Blackwing" intake). A 10th-anniversary Firehawk was available in 2001, distinguished as a black Trans Am coupe (123 units) and convertible (16 units) with gold-painted hood stripes (prototype only), gold vinyl stripes on hood and spoiler (production), gold 17-inch wheels, and gold tailpipe tips.

1994 Trans Am GT[edit]

In 1994 only, a "Trans Am GT" option was available. Trans Am GTs did not receive any special badging, graphics, or emblems, and looked externally identical to the base Trans Am cars. The GT package included 245/50ZR16 tires and a 155-mph speedometer. Non-GT optioned Trans Ams in 1994 received 235/55R16 tires, a 115-mph speedometer, and a much lower top-speed limiter. The "highrise spoiler", leather, and T-tops were not standard on the Trans Am GT cars in 1994, nor any year of LT1 Trans Am. RPO code T43 "uplevel spoiler" was an option on all Trans Ams, and while the mass majority of 1994 Trans Am GT cars received the T43 spoiler (along with the majority of all 1993–1997 Trans Ams), it was not part of the Trans Am GT package. Both base Trans Ams and Trans am GTs could be ordered as coupe, T-top, or convertible versions and were both available with automatic or manual transmissions. While the GT package was a cost option on the 1994 Trans Am, a majority of 1994 Trans Ams were made with the GT package.

All of the 1994 Trans Am GT options became standard in 1995–2002 as part of the Trans Am package, and the GT name/package was dropped for 1995. Some of the early fourth-generation Trans Am and Formula Firebirds list "GT" on the vehicle's title or registration. The reason behind this is because the VIN does not specify a "package" (Formula, Trans Am, Trans Am GT, Firehawk, etc.); it only specifies the engine (5.7 L V8 LT1). Because the title is based on the VIN alone, titles and registrations often list all of the packages, but it does not mean the car is equipped with any certain package.

1994 25th-anniversary Trans Am[edit]

The 1994 model year marked the 25th anniversary of the Trans Am, and another anniversary edition was released, painted white with a single dark blue stripe down the center of the vehicle that was reminiscent of the 1970 Trans Am. It also featured white-painted, five-spoke, 16-inch alloy wheels, and white leather seats and door trim. This edition was available in either coupe or convertible form.

1999 30th-anniversary Trans Am[edit]

As with the previous 25th-anniversary edition, the 30th-anniversary edition was either a white WS6 convertible or WS6 T-top coupe, with twin dark blue stripes from hood to tail, and distinct blue anodized five-spoke 17-inch alloy A-mold wheels, with white leather seats and door trim.

2001 was the 75th anniversary of Pontiac. An available 75th Anniversary Package incorporated a power and performance package that included power door locks including retained accessory power, power windows including express down drivers side, dual power sport mirrors, power antenna. Radio, ETR AM/FM stereo with CD player and 7-band graphic equalizer including a clock, seek up/down, remote CD pre-wiring Monsoon 500 watt peak power with 10-speaker premium sound system and steering wheel leather-wrapped w/driver touch radio controls. 4-speed automatic transmission, power drivers 6-way seat, security package (includes theft-deterrent system and remote key-less entry), 3800 performance package that included 3.42 gears with "posi-trac" Zexel Torsen T2 limited-slip differential, 4 wheel disc brakes, dual mufflers, and an LS1 steering rack= 14.4:1, 235/55/16 tires, hatch roof, removable, 16-inch chromed aluminum wheels, 50-state low emission vehicle. There were a total of 472 of these packages sold in 2001, #239 on the L36 Firebird, 231 on the Formula W66 coupe, 5 on Formula Firehawks, and 2 on Trans-Ams.[41] The manufacturer original window stickers included this as a separate package listing the items and one price.

2002 collector's edition Trans Am[edit]

For the Firebird's final year, a collector's edition Trans Am was released as either a yellow WS6 convertible or WS6 t-top coupe, with twin black stripes from hood to tail, black-painted five-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels, and further black-trimmed body details.

  • 1994–1997 Trans Am convertible

  • 1997-2002 Firebird convertible

  • 1996 Firebird Formula with functional "Ram Air" hood

  • 1993–1997 Pontiac Firebird
  • The 1999 30th Anniversary Trans Am

  • Joe Aquilante on the front stretch of Pocono Raceway 1999, to become SCCA national champ in T-1

  • Pontiac Firebird Trans Am Collector's Edition convertible

Engines[edit]

Firebird Trans Am[edit]

Motor vehicle

1981 Pontiac Turbo Trans Am
A modified 3rd generation Trans Am used as KITT

The Trans Am was a specialty package for the Firebird, typically upgrading handling, suspension, and horsepower, as well as minor appearance modifications such as exclusive hoods, spoilers, fog lights and wheels. Four distinct generations were produced between 1969 and 2002. These cars were built on the F-body platform, which was also shared by the Chevrolet Camaro.

Despite its name, the Trans Am was not initially used in the Trans Am Series, as its smallest engine exceeded the SCCA's five-liter displacement limit.

The second generation was available from 1970 to 1981. The Firebird Trans Am was selected as the Official Pace Car for the 1980 Indianapolis 500.

The Trans Am GTA (Gran Turismo Americano) was an options package available on the Firebird Trans Am which added gold 16-inch diamond-spoke alloy wheels, a monochromatic paint scheme, and special cloisonné GTA badges. The GTA (along with the Formula model that was intended to fill the gap between the base model Firebird and mid-level Trans Am) was the brainchild of former Pontiac marketing manager Lou Wassel. It was intended to be the "ultimate" Trans Am and was the most expensive Firebird available. The GTA equipment package officially went on sale in 1987 and avoided a gas-guzzler tax thanks to its lightweight PW 16-inch gold cross-lace wheels. The high-performance WS6 suspension package was also re-tuned to offer a more compliant ride while still maintaining tight handling characteristics. Engine choices consisted of an L98 5.7 L (350 ci) TPI V8 mated to GM's corporate 700R4 automatic transmission or the 5.0 L (305 ci) TPI V8. A five-speed manual was available but was mated to the 5.0 L only. The GTA trim level was available from 1987 through the 1992 model year.

For 1989, the 20th-anniversary turbo Trans Am project (originally conceived by Bill Owen of Pontiac) was outsourced to PAS, Inc., an engineering firm led by Jeff Beitzel. Beitzel and his team did most of the TTA development work. The 3.8 L turbocharged V6 engines were built by PAS at their 40,000 square foot City of Industry, CA plant. From there, they went to GM's plant in Van Nuys, CA to be installed into GTAs on the F-Body assembly line. The cars were then shipped back to PAS for final assembly, testing, and quality control. Incidentally, the GTA chassis were selected at random, thus there is no correlation between the VIN and production sequence number. The initial number of cars to be produced had ranged from 500 to 2,500 until GM finally settled on 1,500. In all, a total of 1,555 Turbo Trans Ams were manufactured. One of these served as the 1989 Indianapolis 500 pace car.

The 2002 model-year WS6 Trans Am produced 310 hp (231 kW) at 5,200 rpm and 340 lb⋅ft (461 N⋅m) of torque at 4,000 rpm out of its 5.7 L LS1 V8 engine.[42] A stock WS6 completed the ¼—mile in 13.16 seconds at 106.05 mph on Eagle F1 street tires.[43]

Engines[edit]

First generation[edit]

Second generation[edit]

Notes A:

  1. ^There are no known 1970 Trans Ams with the Ram Air V, no complete engines were ever sold or shipped to dealers, but the parts needed to build one could be ordered over-the-counter.
  2. ^These cars came with a 455-H.O decal on the Shaker Hood Scoop but were not anywhere near the same engine as the 71–72 H.O.'s. They were standard production engines lifted from Pontiac's station wagon line and transplanted straight into the T/A. Rated at ~ 200 hp. Pontiac did this to try to boost sales, and the engine was only available with the 4-speed manual transmission. A total of 857 were built as it was a mid-year addition.
  3. ^The only difference between this engine and the previous 1975 engine is the H.O. was removed from the shaker hood scoop and simply said 455. It came with a 4-speed manual transmission. A total of 7,099 were built this year's full production run.
  4. ^These engines were actually 1978s that were stockpiled for 1979. Pontiac ceased production of the 400 in 1978.

Third generation[edit]

From 1982 onward, all engines were Chevrolet sourced, unless stated otherwise.

1982305 cu in (5.0 L) 4 barrel V8305 cu in (5.0 L) cross-fire injection V8

(First year for fuel injection in Trans Am)

1983305 cu in (5.0 L) cross-fire injection V8305 cu in (5.0 L) 4 barrel V8 H.O.

(662 were made, all 5-speeds)

1984305 cu in (5.0 L) 4 barrel H.O. V8

(1500 anniversary edition models were made, 500 of them 5-speed)

1985305 cu in (5.0 L) tuned port injection V8305 cu in (5.0 L) 4 barrel H.O. V8 H.O.

(5-speed only)

1986305 cu in (5.0 L) 4 barrel V8 H.O.

(5-speed only) A total of 69 were built.

1987350 cu in (5.7 L) tuned port injection V8
1988305 cu in (5.0 L) throttle body injection V8
1989231 cu in (3.8 L) Buick Turbo V6
1990
1991
1992

In popular media[edit]

In 1974, a Brewster Green ’73 Trans Am starred as John Wayne’s personal transportation in McQ and featured in an extended chase sequence.

James Garner drove a Firebird Esprit during six seasons of The Rockford Files from 1974-1980. From 1974 through 1978, the current model year Firebird was used, always finished in Copper Mist gold. For better stunt performance, the cars were built to Formula 400 specifications but were badged to look like the luxury-focused Esprit.

The 1977 Trans Am Special Edition was featured in Smokey and the Bandit. The 1980 Turbo model was used for Smokey and the Bandit II. Both cars were driven by Burt Reynolds in the films.

A modified 1982 Trans Am known as the Knight Industries Two Thousand (or KITT) is driven by Michael Knight (played by David Hasselhoff) in the TV series Knight Rider. Aside from many useful features, the car has a built-in computer that interacts with Knight with the voice by an uncredited William Daniels.

Post–Pontiac Trans Am[edit]

Trans Am Super Duty at the NYIAS

In 2012, General Motors signed a licensing deal with Trans Am Depot to use the Trans Am name and Pontiac logos in custom coach built versions of new Trans Am.[47] Under this agreement, Trans Am Depot takes brand-new model Chevrolet Camaros, strips them down to their basic components and rebuilds what looks like a new Trans Am.[48] They make these in the designs of the 6T9 version Trans Am, 6T9 Goat ("GTO"),[49][50] 7T7 Trans Am and the limited-edition Hurst Trans Am.[51][52]

On March 26, 2017, at the New York International Auto Show, the Bandit Edition Trans Am was introduced. Built by Trans Am Depot, only 77 will be produced, each signed by Burt Reynolds.[53][54] Powertrain is a 455 cu in (7.5 L) direct injection version of the current Generation V LT1 V8 engine equipped with a 2.3 litres (140.4 cu in) Magnuson supercharger with a boost of 14 psi (0.97 bar), developing 1,000 hp (746 kW) and 1,046 lb⋅ft (1,418 N⋅m) of torque.[55][54]

Burt Reynolds collection of Firebirds[edit]

On April 14, 2018, at the Barrett-Jackson collector car auction in Palm Beach, FL, just 5 months before his death, actor Burt Reynolds presided over the sale of 3 Pontiac Firebird Trans Ams from his personal collection, sold via Bandit Movie Cars of Florida, the custodian of the Burt Reynolds collection. He was also an avid Firebird collector after filming the movies Hooper and also the Smokey and the Bandit movie series. The first car was a red 1977 Firebird Trans Am survivor car from the Restore a Muscle Car Collection with a price of $57,200. The second vehicle was a rare 1974 Pontiac Trans AM 455 Super Duty, which was another survivor that reached $100,000 plus 10% buyer commission. The third car Reynolds sold was a 1980 Indianapolis pace car turbo Trans Am, which was also $100,000, plus 10% buyer commission.[56]

Performance (Firebird / Firebird Trans Am)[edit]

Racing[edit]

Firebirds were used in the Trans-Am series in the 1960s and 1970s. When the Firebird Trans Am was released, there was controversy over the model's inability to compete in the Trans-Am because the smallest available engine was too large for use in the series at 400 cubic inches (6.6 L). The name also caused controversy because it was used without permission from the SCCA, who threatened suit. GM settled the dispute by paying $5 to the SCCA for each car they sold. When the Trans-Am was last seen, the model year 2002 Firebirds were in use. From 1996 to 2006, a WS6 Trans Am coupe provided the body style for the mechanically identical racing cars used in the International Race of Champions (IROC).

During the 1995, 1996, and 1997 NHRA seasons, 14-time funny car champion John Force used a Firebird body to replace the obsolete Oldsmobile Cutlass and Chevrolet Lumina bodies he had used since 1988. He used it for three seasons, winning the championship in all three years. The Firebird was also used by drivers such as Del Worsham, Tim Wilkerson, Frank Pedregon, and Jerry Toliver. The Firebird body also replaced the Oldsmobile Cutlass in the pro stock class in 1995, forcing drivers Warren Johnson, Jerry Eckman, and Mark Pawuk to replace their body styles for the 1996 year. None of them would win with the first year of the Firebird body, but pro stock driver Jim Yates, a second-year driver, using the Firebird body, did.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^On March 1, 1968, the L67 400CID Ram Air engine was deleted as an option and replaced with the same named L67 400CID Ram Air II engine. The new L67 was rated at 340 hp (250 kW), with revised cylinder heads that included round exhaust ports. The pistons and crankshaft were of forged construction and it included a higher lift cam with a more durable valvetrain.[1]
  2. ^ abcChevrolet 350, VIN code "L", Buick 350, VIN code "X", and Oldsmobile 350, VIN code "R", engines were all used.[1]
  3. ^In 1971, General Motors changed from posting brake horsepower, which is measured at the engine, to net horsepower, measured at the wheels.[1]
  4. ^ abThe lower rating is for a car equipped with an automatic transmissions, the higher rating is for a car equipped with a manual transmission.[1]
  5. ^Early engines were rated at 310 hp but due to internal changes, primarily with the camshaft, the rating was dropped to 290 hp, these changes were made to meet emissions standards.[1]
  6. ^The 170hp engine was standard on the Esprit and Formula models.[1]
  7. ^Indroduced midyear.[1]
  8. ^In 1978 GM switched to referencing their engince displacement in metric terms.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzaaabacadaeafagSessler, Peter C. (1992). Firebird Red Book – Pontiac Firebird from 1967. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International. ISBN .
  2. ^"1967 Cougar". Muscle Car Facts. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  3. ^Montievo, Andrew (June 2, 2015). "How the Mercury Cougar shaped today's luxury cars". Tech Gen Magazine.
  4. ^"1967 Pontiac Firebird Sprint Technical Specifications". Carfolio.com. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
  5. ^Kowalke, Ron (26 May 2010). "The Six-cylinder Firebird Sprint: Slouch or sleeper?". Old Cars Weekly.
  6. ^"Pontiac Firebird Trans Am, 1970 MY 2887". Carfolio.com. 2014-05-01. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  7. ^"Pontiac Firebird". Muscle Car Club. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  8. ^1634 to 1699: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy ofthe United States: Addenda et Corrigenda(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  9. ^Hemmings Motor News, Terry Shea July 2013
  10. ^Gunnell, John A. (1998). Illustrated Buyer's Guide, Firebird (Third ed.). MBI Publishing. ISBN .
  11. ^"Hitman's Pontiac Trans Am Site". 78ta.com. Archived from the original on December 4, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
  12. ^Editors of Publications International (December 21, 2007). "1970s Pontiac Firebird". auto.howstuffworks.com. Retrieved February 27, 2011.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  13. ^"Hitman's Pontiac Trans Am Site – special edition". 78ta.com. Archived from the original on September 25, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2010.
  14. ^"Mecham Design Performance". mechamperformance.com. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  15. ^https://www.motortrend.com/features/hppp-0703-pontiac-firebird-fire-am/
  16. ^Flory, J. Kelly (2004). American Cars, 1960–1972: Every Model, Year by Year. McFarland. p. 881. ISBN .
  17. ^Super Stock and Drag Illustrated June 1974
  18. ^https://tran-zam.com/fhistory/1975home.aspx
  19. ^https://www.hemmings.com/stories/article/unsung-muscle-75-455-ho-pontiac-trans-am
  20. ^Flory Jr., J. Kelly (2012). American Cars, 1973–1980: Every Model, Year by Year. McFarland. p. 530. ISBN . Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  21. ^ abNewhardt, David. Firebird Trans Am. MotorBooks International. p. 57. ISBN . Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  22. ^https://tran-zam.com/fhistory/1977home.aspx
  23. ^https://firebirdtransamparts.com/redsky/ladybirds.htm#77
  24. ^https://tran-zam.com/fhistory/1977Engines.aspx
  25. ^Adolphus, David Traver (August 2011), "1977–'78 Pontiac Firebird Formula", Buyer's Guide from Hemmings Muscle Machines
  26. ^https://firebirdtransamparts.com/redsky/ladybirds.htm#78red
  27. ^https://www.hitmantransam.com/Pages/ws6ws7.htm
  28. ^https://tran-zam.com/fhistory/1979Engines.aspx
  29. ^Peters, Eric (2004). Automotive Atrocities: Cars You Love to Hate. p. 20. ISBN .
  30. ^"1980-1981 Pontiac Trans Am Turbo 4.9L V8 - It's Better Than You Think". 2018-01-31.
  31. ^"1980 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am".
  32. ^
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontiac_Firebird

"New" Pontiac Firebird Trans Am Imagined as Chevy Camaro Retro Makeover

The Pontiac brand died in 2010. When the government was bailing out GM, it demanded a slim-down. Hummer is making a comeback right now with that electric pickup everybody is talking about. So why not Pontiac as well?

We think a revival like that doesn't need marketing teams, unions, and government loans. It just needs people who are passionate and want to make the right kind of car, like the one in this rendering by chopping_pixels. His vision of a new Firebird Trans Aminvolves small alterations to the current Camaro's roof, along with a beaked front end.

The rendering mixes some of the best elements from the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th-gen Trans Am, so it tickles your nostalgia bone. That was exactly the problem Pontiac had just before it died. Its GTO was based on an Australian coupe that looked generic and rounded. Meanwhile, at that time, Ford was making the iconic 5th-gen Mustang, which looked exactly like its 60s predecessors.

And that's why we think making a new Trans Am out of the current Camaro is a good idea. Because it's so nostalgic, they could theoretically charge more while potentially justifying the development of a 700+ hp version to compete with the Shelby GT500.

Pontiac as a brand started off just as a corporate decision. General Motors was a dominant force in the American economy and wanted to make more money by adding new brands like Pontiac, Viking, and Marquette.

Most didn't work, but fortunately for Pontiac, it had passionate people who saw the potential of affordable performance. The Grand Tempest Option or GTO marked the birth of the muscle car era, and the brand continued to innovate into the modern era with the mid-engined Fieroand one of the first crossovers.

Sours: https://www.autoevolution.com/news/new-pontiac-firebird-trans-am-imagined-as-chevy-camaro-retro-makeover-155230.html
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Pontiac Trans Am Bandit Silverado Turns Heads

What do you think of this truck?


One of the most influential muscle cars to ever roll down an American street, the Trans Am has transcended the untimely death of the Pontiac brand. We see its spirit live on, whether through Chevy Camaro conversions, a Ferrari F40 made to look like one, or this Chevy Silverado. While the truck is a departure from what you might expect from a Trans Am, it has the iconic Bandit Edition look everyone goes crazy over.

Check out the aftermath of a Trans Am shop fire here.

Created by Jarvis of Jays Customs, this is one wild ride. It has everything from the snowflake wheels to the gold screaming chicken on the hood. After all, it wouldn’t be much of a Trans Am tribute vehicle without those details.

Speaking of details, Jays Customs paid attention to even the smallest things. For example, there are Pontiac, Trans Am, and Firebird emblems everywhere. The black interior features gold stitching for the seats and door armrests. They even went so far as to install a starlight headliner for that perfect dramatic effect.

The one thing this Trans Am truck is missing is more power. An engine upgrade is coming, because to properly honor a past muscle car, this pickup needs to really scoot. We fortunately live in the day and age of performance trucks, so that’s not such a wild concept. We’re not sure just how much power this Silverado will be pushing once they’re done with it, but hopefully it will roast tires aplenty and be able to make that epic beer run ahead of the cops.

Check out this Pontiac Trans Am Band Edition Silverado in the video and let us know what you think of it in the comments.

Sours: https://www.motorious.com/articles/news/pontiac-trans-am-bandit-silverado/
Ford Mustang King Cobra v Chevy Camaro v Dodge Challenger SRT: DRAG RACE

2021 Pontiac Trans Am: Costs, Facts, And Figures

Although the Pontiac brand has seen better days, it’s ready for a revival. No, General Motors is not bringing it back but they have licensed a certain group called the Trans Am Depot to take care of it. To be more specific, you won’t be getting any new Pontiacs, however, for the muscle car fanatics out there, the Trans Am is going to make a comeback.

One of the iconic cars that once graced the pavement, the Trans Am saw a brilliant reception and quickly caught on among enthusiasts. Who doesn’t remember Burt Reynolds in “Smokey and the Bandit” and his theatrics in the movie further catalyzed the popularity of the Pontiac Trans Am.

In case you didn’t know, GM used the name “Trans Am” without consulting with folks at SCCA (Sports Car Club of America). The club planned for a suit, however, as a consummation GM decided to pay $5 to the SCCA for each car they sold.

By 2021, the Pontiac Trans Arm will be resurrected with an estimated price of well over $100,000. Here’s us going over the facts and figures.

It Will Be Based On The Chevy Camaro

Just like how the Trans Am was, the latest iteration of the icon will likely end up being a Camaro underneath. In light of what Trans Am Depot has come up with in the 2017 New York Auto Show, it’s safe to say that the upcoming Pontiac would be based on the Camaro. There are significant changes made, however, with hood tipping forwards and lightweight materials used in the construction of the car.

As for styling cues, the front is reminiscent of classic Trans Arm with dual-split headlights and the signature taillights. All being incorporated into the existing Camaro bodyshell. Also part of the team’s unveiling was the Bandit edition which has the “screaming chicken” on the hood which again harks back to the OG Trans Am.

Other important exterior details include quad tailpipes arranged vertically, much like the ones on the Bugatti Centodieci. Exclusively designed front and rear bumpers along with bespoke body panels would make the upcoming Pontiac Trans Am a stunner.

RELATED: Last Remaining 1971 Pontiac Trans Am BF Goodrich Promo Car Heads To Mecum's

What about The Trans Am’s Mechanicals

Since the Trans Am will be based on the Camara, the existing Gen V 6.2-liter V8 is expected to be inside the hood. However, power figures are expected to be much higher than what it makes in the Camaro SS. Also expect the latest iteration of the Trans Am to get a revised steering geometry, carbon-fiber body panels, a trick differential, and uprated springs. Speculated figures for the 2021 Trans Am is around 840 horsepower from the V8. Also, the upcoming Pontiac is expected to max out at a top speed of 200 mph and is capable of sub-3-second sprints to 60 mph.

Trans Am Depot posted a video of the upcoming Pontiac putting up impressive quarter-mile figures. Sub 10-seconds to be exact. Yes, the Pontiac Trans Am in its more recent avatar is able to trip the lights in 9.43 seconds. Of course, it should be noted that there is another crazy 1100- horsepower 455 Trans Am Super Duty as well. Just like its name the Super Duty uses a 455 cu.in (7.5-liter) V8 putting out a ridiculous amount of horsepower. Folks at Trans Am Depot took the re-bored Camaro V8 and collaborated with the NASCAR engineer Joey Arrington to handle the challenges of building and designing such a powerful car.

Since the Trans Am is pitted as a direct competitor to the Dodge Challenger, it’s safe to say, the Pontiac has the Dodge beaten. Given its impressive power figures (yet to be confirmed), the Trans Am can easily beat the Challenger especially considering it could perhaps employ lightweight body panels; giving the Pontiac a significant advantage.

RELATED: Looking Back At The Pontiac Trans Am WS6

What About The Interiors

Being based on a Camaro would result in the Trans Am getting similar interior gadgetry as the existing Chevy. However, there is every possibility of the Trans Am’s interior employing nostalgia along with retro styling that could tie in well with the exteriors. Again, not a lot of info is available regarding how it might be, but considering the Trans Am Depot’s prior creations, it’s easy to come to a conclusion. The interiors would reenact everything that was good about the iconic Trans Am and give it a modern twist.

When Can You Expect The 2021 Pontiac Trans Am

The upcoming Pontiac is expected to hit the general public by the end of 2021. Granted folks at Trans Am Depot get everything sorted including compliance with US regulations. Also, with an expected price of around $115,000, the 2021 Trans Am won’t be cheap. Given that it’s a resurrection planned by a few Pontiac enthusiasts, we can’t expect them to cut off a lot in terms of expenses. Obviously, R&D requires a lot of money and effort, therefore a business would charge the customers, which isn’t something new.

Sources: Wikipedia, Autorevolution

NEXT: Here's What Makes The Pontiac GTO The Best 60s Muscle Car

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This Is What The 2004 Cadillac CTS-V Costs Today

Cadillac has remained a strong influence in the luxury car market for more than a century producing a wide range of exotic motor cars.

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Kiran Menon (252 Articles Published)

A relatively naive bloke in every aspect other than cars. Ever since he was a toddler, cars fascinated him so much that he only ate when there's a magazine beside him. Although comprehension was a bit far-fetched, pictures were the focal point. Fast forward a few years, he graduated with a degree in automobile engineering and now pens down on all things motoring.

More From Kiran Menon
Sours: https://www.hotcars.com/2021-pontiac-trans-am-costs-facts-and-figures/

Am chevy trans

10 Things We Just Learned About The New 2021 Pontiac Trans Am Firebird

After being a staple of the brand’s lineup for over eight decades, General Motors discontinued Pontiac in 2010.

The iconic brand was discontinued because of the company's financial problems and the restructuring it necessitated. Several efforts were made to save Pontiac, but the fact that it was a loss-making brand that was also cannibalizing Chevrolet sales sealed its fate.

Fortunately, the brand’s discontinuation hasn’t dampened the spirits of passionate Pontiac fans who remain devoted to this day.The Pontiac Firebird Trans Am, in particular, became a cultural icon and was one of the best classic muscle cars from the factory.

Today, a company run by Pontiac Firebird enthusiasts have resolved to revive the legendary car, and this article will show you what we know about the new 2021 Pontiac Trans Am Firebird.

10 Built By A Custom Carmaker Trans Am Depot

Trans Am Depot is a company that has spent the past five decades winning multiple awards for the level of exceptional craftsmanship that goes into the construction of its custom Pontiacs.

The company is based out of Tallahassee Florida and it's one of the best in the business when it comes to restoring old Pontiacs or building custom Pontiac Firebirds. Many of these cars will take just nine seconds to run the quarter-mile. We are glad that the company is not waiting on General Motors to revive the Pontiac brand and has instead taken matters into its own hands.

9 Based On The Iconic Chevy Camaro

The Chevy Camaro has always been one of the coolest muscle cars you can get and Trans Am Depot couldn't have chosen a better muscle car as the base of the new Trans Am Firebird.

The new Trans Am will be a reworked Chevy Camaro SS that will also be extensively changed stylistically to look like a Pontiac Firebird. More than 380 parts will be modified, including the bumpers and the taillights. Many upgrades will be made to the Camaro's mechanical parts including its carbon fiber body panels, its rear differential, its springs, and other parts.

RELATED: 1969 Chevy Camaro VS 1969 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am: Who Wins This Sibling Rivalry

8 Arrives In 2021, Dubbed The "Bandit Edition"

You won't have to wait long for the new Pontiac since the car will be out in a year's time. The company has called the new Pontiac the natural successor to the 1977 Pontiac Firebird Special Edition.

Although the new Pontiac will be available in limited numbers, Trans Am Depot currently has two other available editions of its custom Pontiac cars. These are a 50th Anniversary Edition Trans Am and an Outlaw Edition Trans Am. Their anniversary edition is inspired by the 1969 Pontiac Firebird, while the Outlaw Edition is inspired by the 1979 Pontiac Firebird.

7 The Vehicle Was Endorsed By Burt Reynolds And Only 77 Units Of The Car Will Be Built

For passionate fans of the Pontiac Firebird, Burt Reynolds' Pontiac Firebird in the "Smokey and the Bandit" movie will be forever etched in memory.

There is no better individual to endorse the new Pontiac Firebird, and each of the 77 units of the car will have his signature on them. Trans Am Depot has put in a lot of effort to craft elements of that iconic Firebird into the new car, and a big "screaming chicken" will of course be plastered on the hood to complete the look.

RELATED: 20 Things We Just Found Out About Burt Reynolds And His Cars

6 The Interiors Are Heavily Influenced By Those Of The 1977 Special Edition Pontiac Firebird

There are few things more impactful than the spirit of freedom evoked when watching Burt Reynolds drive to Texas from Georgia in a Firebird and come back within just 28 hours.

Although the 1977 Pontiac Firebird wasn't as powerful as its rivals with its 200-hp max power, that movie made the car an icon. This is why the modern Firebird takes its inspiration from it, and why its interiors will also be heavily inspired by it. The interiors will combine the basic elements of the Camaro SS along with nostalgic styling that reenacts the elements of the 1977 Firebird.

5 It Will Be A Beast With A Top Speed Of 200 MPH

The new Pontiac Firebird packs a lot of power and speed. Its V8 engine outputs up to 840 hp (over four times the power of the 1977 Pontiac), its top speed is 200 mph, and it will do 0 to 60 in less than three seconds!

The modern Firebird may be based on the Chevy Camaro, but after all the upgrades, it is a much more powerful car. A lot of power has been added to the original 6.2-liter V8 engine of the Camaro to make the new Pontiac Firebird a sure contender to become the new king of the drag strip.

4 It Will Rival The New Dodge Challenger Hellcat

There is a lot of hype around the new 2021 Challenger SRT Hellcat, and Dodge Challenger fans have every reason to be excited. The new challenger is a powerhouse. It sports a V8 engine that packs up to 807 hp and it will cover the quarter-mile of a drag strip in just 10.50 seconds. Those are impressive numbers and there are few factory-produced muscle cars that come close.

However, the new Pontiac Firebird has some extraordinary numbers of its own and in every category, including speed and power, it leaves the 2021 Dodge Challenger in the dust.

RELATED: Hemi Powered SRT Charger Hellcat Rendered With Transparent Hood

3 A Steep Price Tag Of $115,000

All that power, speed, and drag strip mastery cost a lot of money, and the new Pontiac Firebird will cost you supercar money. The car's manufacturer, Trans Am Depot, is no stranger to building and restoring Pontiacs, and the cars created by the company cost between $70,000 and $200,000.

Buyers should have no complaints. The new Dodge Challenger Hellcat will cost $81,000 for a top speed of 200 mph and 797 hp, with up to 807 hp for the new Challenger Super Stock. The new Firebird is capable of matching or exceeding the Hellcat's figures with a top speed of 200 mph and 840 hp.

2 Trans Am Depot Also Built The 455 Trans Am Super Duty In 2018

Trans Am Depot has built one-off Pontiac models in significant numbers before, and the 2018 455 Trans Am Super Duty is one such car. The 455 Super Duty is a ridiculously impressive car with a mind-boggling 1,100 hp of power.

Like the 2021 Pontiac Firebird, it was built as a response to the Dodge Challenger SRT Demon, and it is also based on a Chevy Camaro. The company had to get outside help to build the car and it collaborated with NASCAR engineer Joey Arrington to handle the challenges of building and designing such a powerful car.

1 It Revives The Pontiac Firebird's Legacy With A Modern Pontiac Muscle Car For The Drag Strip

The Pontiac Firebird defined the muscle car for much of the late 1970s, and it became one of the most sought-after muscle cars when it was still in production.

The 2002 Pontiac Firebird was the last Firebird produced by General Motors, and it was not a shabby muscle car. The engine packed 350 hp and can reach a top speed of 130mph. It is also a very modern car with creature comforts like a modern infotainment system, automatic door locks, heated seats, and others. The car marked the end of an era and we are glad the Pontiac Firebird has been revived.

NEXT: 10 Best Pontiac Firebirds You Can't Miss

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American Government Selling Surplus Military Trucks To Whoever Wants To Buy Them

The US Government is selling off some surplus military trucks which you should totally buy.

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Joseph Adebisi (29 Articles Published)More From Joseph Adebisi
Sours: https://www.hotcars.com/facts-we-learned-about-2021-pontiac-trans-am-firebird/
1979 Pontiac Trans Am - Jay Leno's Garage

You can't tell everything. - And how did you find me on classmates. I asked. - Through facebook.

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